+1 Recommend
1 collections
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Conference Proceedings: found
      Is Open Access

      Teaching Athletes Cognitive Skills: Detecting Cognitive Load in Speech Input

      ^ , * , * , * , ˜ , ^ , *

      Proceedings of HCI 2010 (HCI)

      Human Computer Interaction

      6 - 10 September 2010

      Cognitive load, multimodal input, speech classification

      Read this article at

          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.


          As part of their preparation, athletes are often required to complete cognitive skills training using targeted sports-specific software applications. When cognitive load is very high, the quality of performance can be negatively affected and learning can be inhibited. The aim of this study is to verify whether cognitive load can be inferred directly from speech signal changes collected using one such training application. We expect that the quality of the communicative signals during interaction will change as cognitive load increases. Twelve recreational basketball players completed training requiring them to recall aloud the positions of increasing numbers of team players, and draw symbols to represent those players onto a court schematic on a digital surface. This paper focuses on the analysis of the speech data only, testing whether the speech signal changes due to high cognitive load. We describe the techniques used to build the speech load models and present the classification results. Using only automated speech signal analysis, we can identify participants experiencing low or high load with an accuracy of 92.3%. We envisage it is possible to discern broad level cognitive load ranges through speech signal changes and may provide the opportunity to tailor the training application in more appropriate ways for each learner in real time.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 3

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Cognitive Load Measurement as a Means to Advance Cognitive Load Theory

            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            Cognitive Effort and Motor Learning

              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Conference Proceedings: not found

              Investigating speech features and automatic measurement of cognitive load


                Author and article information

                September 2010
                September 2010
                : 484-488
                [* ]NICTA

                Level 5, 13 Garden St, Eveleigh, NSW
                [^ ]CSE

                UNSW Kensington, NSW
                [˜ ]Australian Institute of Sport

                Leverrier Cres, Bruce, NSW
                © Natalie Ruiz et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. Proceedings of HCI 2010, University of Abertay, Dundee, UK

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit

                Proceedings of HCI 2010
                University of Abertay, Dundee, UK
                6 - 10 September 2010
                Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
                Human Computer Interaction
                Product Information: 1477-9358BCS Learning & Development
                Self URI (journal page):
                Electronic Workshops in Computing


                Comment on this article