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      Navigating the Space: Evaluating a 3D-Input Device in Placement and Docking Tasks

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      Proceedings of HCI 2011 The 25th BCS Conference on Human Computer Interaction (HCI)

      Human Computer Interaction

      4 - 8 July 2011

      Input device, 3D interaction, Object manipulation, Empirical Evaluation, SpaceNavigator

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          We present a study investigating the performance in a 3D object manipulation task with a mouse and a dedicated input device (SpaceNavigator). Previous research delivered ambiguous results about the performance in different 3D tasks. Therefore we used placement (only translation) as well as docking (translation and rotation) tasks. Twelve participants experienced with 3D software took part in the study. They had to translate and rotate 30 cubes with the mouse and the SpaceNavigator (altogether 60 tasks) to place them on a chessboard in Autodesk Maya. The results show an outperformance of the mouse over the SpaceNavigator in the placement tasks but not in the docking tasks, which require a higher extent of object manipulation. Although the SpaceNavigator did not outperform the mouse, considering the number of tasks with the SpaceNavigator and further results of the study (like the learning effect and subjective feedback), the usage of a higher degree-of-freedom device for tasks with multiple simultaneous object manipulations seems reasonable.

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          Most cited references 5

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          A Survey of 3D Interaction Techniques

           Chris Hand (1997)
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            Separating the effects of level of immersion and 3D interaction techniques

              • Record: found
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              Did “Minority Report” Get It Wrong? Superiority of the Mouse over 3D Input Devices in a 3D Placement Task


                Author and article information

                July 2011
                July 2011
                : 309-314
                CURE Center for Usability

                Research & Engineering

                Modecenterstraße 17 / Objekt 2

                1110 Wien
                ICT&S, University

                of Salzburg

                S.-Haffner-Gasse 18

                5020 Salzburg
                © Elke Mattheiss et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. Proceedings of HCI 2011 The 25th BCS Conference on Human Computer Interaction, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit

                Proceedings of HCI 2011 The 25th BCS Conference on Human Computer Interaction
                Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
                4 - 8 July 2011
                Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
                Human Computer Interaction
                Product Information: 1477-9358 BCS Learning & Development
                Self URI (journal page):
                Electronic Workshops in Computing


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