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      A Literature Review on the Design of Smart Homes for People with Dementia Using a User-Centred Design Approach


      Proceedings of the 30th International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference (HCI)


      11 - 15 July 2016

      smart homes, people with dementia, user-centred design, literature review

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          The number of people with dementia is rising every year, and it is getting more expensive to provide care for them in specially designed care centres. Furthermore, some people with dementia prefer to live independently, and to be accompanied by informal and family caregivers. One way to meet this requirement of people with dementia is to place them in smart homes. Smart homes facilitate extra care for people with dementia with automated and semi-automated support. However, smart homes need to be designed in a way that addresses the specific needs of people with dementia. One suggested approach is the usercentred design method, which involves the participation of people with dementia and their caregivers during the design process. This paper presents a literature review of smart homes for people with dementia and user-centred design. The paper attempts to provide a sound review, which can be useful for designers and developers of smart homes for people with dementia.

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          Most cited references 33

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          Older adults' attitudes towards and perceptions of "smart home" technologies: a pilot study.

          The study aim is to explore the perceptions and expectations of seniors in regard to "smart home" technology installed and operated in their homes with the purpose of improving their quality of life and/or monitoring their health status. Three focus group sessions were conducted within this pilot study to assess older adults' perceptions of the technology and ways they believe technology can improve their daily lives. Themes discussed in these groups included participants' perceptions of the usefulness of devices and sensors in health-related issues such as preventing or detecting falls, assisting with visual or hearing impairments, improving mobility, reducing isolation, managing medications, and monitoring of physiological parameters. The audiotapes were transcribed and a content analysis was performed. A total of 15 older adults participated in three focus group sessions. Areas where advanced technologies would benefit older adult residents included emergency help, prevention and detection of falls, monitoring of physiological parameters, etc. Concerns were expressed about the user-friendliness of the devices, lack of human response and the need for training tailored to older learners. All participants had an overall positive attitude towards devices and sensors that can be installed in their homes in order to enhance their lives.
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            The smart house for older persons and persons with physical disabilities: structure, technology arrangements, and perspectives.

            Smart houses are considered a good alternative for the independent life of older persons and persons with disabilities. Numerous intelligent devices, embedded into the home environment, can provide the resident with both movement assistance and 24-h health monitoring. Modern home-installed systems tend to be not only physically versatile in functionality but also emotionally human-friendly, i.e., they may be able to perform their functions without disturbing the user and without causing him/her any pain, inconvenience, or movement restriction, instead possibly providing him/her with comfort and pleasure. Through an extensive survey, this paper analyzes the building blocks of smart houses, with particular attention paid to the health monitoring subsystem as an important component, by addressing the basic requirements of various sensors implemented from both research and clinical perspectives. The paper will then discuss some important issues of the future development of an intelligent residential space with a human-friendly health monitoring functional system.
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              The design of smart homes for people with dementia—user-interface aspects


                Author and article information

                July 2016
                July 2016
                : 1-8
                Bournemouth University

                Poole, UK
                © Raei et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. Proceedings of British HCI 2016 Conference Fusion, Bournemouth, UK

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Proceedings of the 30th International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference
                Bournemouth University, Poole, UK
                11 - 15 July 2016
                Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
                Product Information: 1477-9358BCS Learning & Development
                Self URI (journal page): https://ewic.bcs.org/
                Electronic Workshops in Computing


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