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Enhancement of reading ability using self-controlled gaze interface in a digital medium for children with neuro-oculomotor challenges

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Proceedings of the 31st International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference (HCI 2017) (HCI)

digital make-believe, with delegates considering our expansive

3 - 6 July 2017

reading-related oculomotor skills, digital reading, Chinese, eye tracking, fixation, saccade, HCI, neuromuscular disorders

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      Abstract

      There is ample research on the effectiveness of oculomotor training (OMT) to regain reading efficiency in Alphabetic language systems for many years, not only for learning disabilities but also applicable to patients with acquired brain injury. In addition, the advancement of eye tracking technology and computation model of reading, allowing researchers to enter new horizons in studying reading-related oculomotor (OM) skills. Yet there is a lack of studies in using OMT to enhance reading skills in Chinese for children with neuromuscular disorders (NMD) associated with congenital OM challenges. Our hypothesis is that by using self-directed gaze-interface to access a curriculum-based digital reading platform, it enhances the OM control of children with NMD during reading in Chinese; which in terms of accurate fixation to the area of interest (AOI), decreasing saccadic dysmetria, and better result in orthographic recognition in comparison with children without OMT. It is a cross-centres prospective Cohort study with quasi-experimental design. 21 students with NMD, aged 6 to 8 years with oculomotor challenges completed 8-weeks of interventions then followed by 4 months of repeated measures. Repeated measures showed improved and sustainable effect in treatment group than control group, such as accurate saccade and better revision result. Data analysis of between-group and within-group difference, and factor analysis is still in progress.

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      Most cited references 4

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      Epilepsy and cerebral palsy: characteristics and trends in children born in 1976-1998.

      Although epilepsy is common in children with cerebral palsy (CP), no data exists on prevalence rates of CP and epilepsy. To describe epilepsy in children with CP, and to examine the association between epilepsy and neonatal characteristics, associated impairments and CP subtypes. Data on 9654 children with CP born between 1976 and 1998 and registered in 17 European registers belonging to the SCPE network (Surveillance of Cerebral Palsy in Europe) were analyzed. A total of 3424 (35%) children had a history of epilepsy. Among them, seventy-two percent were on medication at time of registration. Epilepsy was more frequent in children with a dyskinetic or bilateral spastic type and with other associated impairments. The prevalence of CP with epilepsy was 0.69 (99% CI, 0.66-0.72) per 1000 live births and followed a quadratic trend with an increase from 1976 to 1983 and a decrease afterwards. Neonatal characteristics independently associated with epilepsy were the presence of a brain malformation or a syndrome, a term or moderately preterm birth compared with a very premature birth, and signs of perinatal distress including neonatal seizures, neonatal ventilation and admission to a neonatal care unit. The prevalence of CP with epilepsy followed a quadratic trend in 1976-1998 and mirrored that of the prevalence of CP during this period. The observed relationship between epilepsy and associated impairments was expected; however it requires longitudinal studies to be better understood. Copyright © 2011 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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        Clinics in developmental medicine

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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            HK Red Cross Princess Alexandra School

            8 Rehab Path, Kwun Tong, Kln., HKG
            School of Optometry

            The Hong Kong Polytechnic University
            Contributors
            Conference
            July 2017
            July 2017
            : 1-7
            10.14236/ewic/HCI2017.76
            © Wong et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. Proceedings of British HCI 2017 – Digital Make-Believe. Sunderland, UK.

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Proceedings of the 31st International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference (HCI 2017)
            HCI
            31
            Sunderland, UK
            3 - 6 July 2017
            Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
            digital make-believe, with delegates considering our expansive
            Product
            Product Information: 1477-9358 BCS Learning & Development
            Self URI (journal page): https://ewic.bcs.org/
            Categories
            Electronic Workshops in Computing

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