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      Visual Semantic Enrichment for eReading

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      Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA 2017) (EVA)

      Electronic Visualisation and the Arts

      11 – 13 July 2017

      eReading, eBooks, Semantic content, Semantic Visualisations

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          Abstract

          The current transition from physical to electronic books opens up opportunities to present semantic information about a book’s content. This paper reports on a project that aims to improve the eBook reading experience by presenting semantic information about the eBook content together with the text. Research challenges included suitable semantic information to be presented alongside a text and manners to display semantic information in an eReader application to supplement the text. We developed a web-based prototype that incorporates analysis of semantic content elements and explored the effectiveness of these in a user study with 30 participants. Our results indicate that dynamic semantic visualisations may assist comprehension of existing concepts within an eBook, and provide insight to information that could not be easily gleaned by simply reading the text.

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            Visualising biological data: a semantic approach to tool and database integration

            Motivation In the biological sciences, the need to analyse vast amounts of information has become commonplace. Such large-scale analyses often involve drawing together data from a variety of different databases, held remotely on the internet or locally on in-house servers. Supporting these tasks are ad hoc collections of data-manipulation tools, scripting languages and visualisation software, which are often combined in arcane ways to create cumbersome systems that have been customised for a particular purpose, and are consequently not readily adaptable to other uses. For many day-to-day bioinformatics tasks, the sizes of current databases, and the scale of the analyses necessary, now demand increasing levels of automation; nevertheless, the unique experience and intuition of human researchers is still required to interpret the end results in any meaningful biological way. Putting humans in the loop requires tools to support real-time interaction with these vast and complex data-sets. Numerous tools do exist for this purpose, but many do not have optimal interfaces, most are effectively isolated from other tools and databases owing to incompatible data formats, and many have limited real-time performance when applied to realistically large data-sets: much of the user's cognitive capacity is therefore focused on controlling the software and manipulating esoteric file formats rather than on performing the research. Methods To confront these issues, harnessing expertise in human-computer interaction (HCI), high-performance rendering and distributed systems, and guided by bioinformaticians and end-user biologists, we are building reusable software components that, together, create a toolkit that is both architecturally sound from a computing point of view, and addresses both user and developer requirements. Key to the system's usability is its direct exploitation of semantics, which, crucially, gives individual components knowledge of their own functionality and allows them to interoperate seamlessly, removing many of the existing barriers and bottlenecks from standard bioinformatics tasks. Results The toolkit, named Utopia, is freely available from .
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              Semantic Enrichment by Non-experts: Usability of Manual Annotation Tools

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Conference
                July 2017
                July 2017
                : 1-6
                Affiliations
                Computer Science, University of Waikato New Zealand
                Article
                10.14236/ewic/HCI2017.96
                © Coleman et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development. Proceedings of British HCI 2017 – Digital Make-Believe, Sunderland, UK.

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Electronic Visualisation and the Arts (EVA 2017)
                EVA
                London, UK
                11 – 13 July 2017
                Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
                Electronic Visualisation and the Arts
                Product
                Product Information: 1477-9358BCS Learning & Development
                Self URI (journal page): https://ewic.bcs.org/
                Categories
                Electronic Workshops in Computing

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