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Investigate Naturalistic Decision Making of Football Players to Design Virtual Environment

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9th Bi-annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM9) (NDM)

Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM9)

23 - 26 June 2009

Naturalistic Decision Making, schemata, football, virtual reality

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      Motivation – The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the thought processes of football decision-makers in natural setting. Research approach – Twelve French football players were observed during a specially designed study favourising counter-attacks. Players then watched a videotaped recording of their performance and provided the researcher with a verbal description of their cognitive activity during the situation. Findings/Design – A content analysis conducted in context identified recurrent meanings produced by the experts and revealed the use of 16 schemata. Research limitations/Implications – Results highlight three aspects concerning experts’ decision-making processes: experts’ recognition of typical situations, the flexibility of schemata in decision-making, and the evolution of the activity on the basis of contextual cues. Originality/Value – Modele obtained has been used for the development of the virtual environment CoPeFoot (Collective Perception Football). Take away message – This study provides a deeper understanding of complex football decision-making activity during dynamical situation.

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      Establishing the Boundaries of a Paradigm for Decision-Making Research


        Author and article information

        European Center for Virtual Reality
        June 2009
        June 2009
        : 185-186
        © Cyril Bossard et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. 9th Bi-annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM9), BCS London

        This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit

        9th Bi-annual International Conference on Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM9)
        BCS London
        23 - 26 June 2009
        Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
        Naturalistic Decision Making (NDM9)
        Product Information: 1477-9358 BCS Learning & Development
        Self URI (journal page):
        Electronic Workshops in Computing


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