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      Proportion of children with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
      in Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia : Proportion of children with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)  in Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

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            Abstract

            Background: Throughout the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, it is critically important to determine the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 infection among the community to evaluate the success of the infection control policy. Despite the continually updated prevalence of COVID-19 worldwide and in Indonesia, testing is mainly focused only on symptomatic individuals.Objective: We aimed to determine the prevalence of COVID-19 in children and adults among asymptomatic population in Medan, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess prevalence of COVID-19 in different districts in Medan City, North Sumatera Province, Indonesia from 24 November 2020 to 12 January 2021. Nasopharyngeal swab specimen was collected from individuals and transported to Microbiology laboratory at Faculty of Medicine of Universitas Sumatera Utara. Detection of either E, N, and ORF1ab gene was used to confirm the presence of infection. Data on age, sex, occupation, and district of residency were analyzed.Results: A total of 2020 individuals were screened during the study period. Of those, 122 (6.0%) were positive for COVID-19. The positivity rate ranges from 0,6% to 31.7% at nine different locations of mass screening. 652 children were being tested and 9% (11) of children contributed to all confirmed cases. All of the children were asymptomatic.Conclusion: Although, children tend to be asymptomatic and less infected compare to other groups of age. Yet, their status of infection is particularly crucial since they still can be a source of COVID-19 infection to parents, caregivers, teachers, and the elderly.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Posters
            ScienceOpen
            10 May 2024
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia;
            [2 ] 1Department of Pediatric, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia;
            [3 ] Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia;
            [4 ] 3Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia;
            Author notes
            Author information
            https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8515-5807
            https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4270-4973
            https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0459-1026
            https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7075-9491
            Article
            10.14293/P2199-8442.1.SOP-.PZTBFQ.v1
            79f0459b-ee08-4e9d-81b5-d13849b296bb

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            History
            : 10 May 2024
            Categories

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
            General medicine,Pediatrics,Infectious disease & Microbiology
            Covid-19,Children,Epidemiology,Prevalance

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