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      Nurses’ Knowledge and Self-Efficacy with Autism Disorders in Healthcare Settings of Saudi Arabia

      In review
        1 , , 2
      ScienceOpen Preprints
      autism spectrum disorder , childhood autism, knowledge, self-efficacy, nurses


            Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess nurses’ knowledge of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their self-efficacy to manage patients with ASD in Saudi Arabia.

            Methods: Four hundred nurses working in Saudi Arabia completed a self-report questionnaire, to measure their knowledge about the four domains of ASD knowledge, treatment of ASD, myths and misconceptions regarding ASD, and their perceptions of their self-efficacy, in general, and with regard to caring with persons with ASD, in particular. The questionnaire included the Knowledge about Childhood Autism Among Health Workers (KCAHW) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE). Independent sample t-test and ANOVA were used to analyse the data.

            Results: The nurses had high KCAHW and GSE scores. In addition, their knowledge of the ASD domains and their self-efficacy were found to be predominantly influenced by their age, level of qualification, work experience, professional level, personal acquaintance with persons with ASD, frequency of encounters with a patient with ASD, and the typical age group of the patients with ASD.

            Conclusions: The study’s findings indicated that nurses in the KSA appear to have a good awareness about the different aspects of ASD. In addition, they have a good opinion of their capacity to deal with patients with ASD. Nevertheless, there is certainly a requirement for sustained programmes to build awareness of ASD in Saudi Arabia. Continuing education programmes are needed to offer updated information regarding treatment and management of ASD for healthcare professionals. The knowledge and self-efficacy of nurses, in particular, regarding dealing with patients with ASD could be improved using training interventions such as, simulations. Suggestions for future research and practice, and limitations are provided.


            Author and article information

            ScienceOpen Preprints
            23 May 2023
            [1 ] Vice Dean of Student Affairs, Assistant Professor, Nursing Administration and Education Department;
            [2 ] Associate Professor, Department of Education;
            Author notes
            Author information

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            : 23 May 2023
            Funded by: funder-id http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100019345, King Salman Center for Disability Research;

            The data that support the findings of this study are available from Data are available from the authors upon reasonable request and with permission but restrictions apply to the availability of these data, which were used under license for the current study, and so are not publicly available. Data are however available from the authors upon reasonable request and with permission of Data are available from the authors upon reasonable request and with permission.
            Nursing,Special education,Data analysis,Regression analysis
            self-efficacy, childhood autism,nurses,knowledge,autism spectrum disorder


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