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      Challenge to the Supremacy of the Nervous System: An Invitation to a New Integrative Perspective Translated title: Desafio à supremacia do sistema nervoso: um convite a uma nova perspectiva integrativa

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      ScienceOpen Preprints
      Human organism, Entropy, ATP, DNA, Nervous system, Body systems, Biological hierarchy, Cellular composition

            Author Summary


            I'm 67 years old. Most outside the gym. Even so, always investigating the extent to which mental disorders can be better understood and explained by 'evolutionary incompatibility' Bachelor of Psychology. Centro Universitario Filadelfia - UNIFIL Londrina, Brazil Biological structures of the human organism that structure homeotase x structure human culture and mental dissorders.


            This paper proposes a reconceptualization of the hierarchical understanding of the human organism, challenging the conventional idea of the supremacy of the nervous system. We argue that symbiotic coexistence and functional interdependence among all systems provide the human body with remarkable resistance to the universal tendency of entropy. We first examine the basis of cellular life, referring to ATP and DNA, essential substances that resist the entropic tendency through complex energy mechanisms. Next, we analyze the collaboration between the body's systems, highlighting the critical role of erythrocytes, which constitute 83.9% of the total cells (24.9 trillion), in the context of energy maintenance and homeostasis. We challenge the conventional view that the nervous system, composed of neurons and glial cells, which together make up 0.6% of the total cells (0.17 trillion), occupies the apex of a biological hierarchy, arguing that the nervous system is merely a component of a broader, interdependent mechanism. Finally, we provide a detailed description of human cellular composition, emphasizing the importance of each cell type in the functional context, thus contributing to the totality of the organism. With this, we present a vigorous appeal for the realization of critical reassessments of fundamental premises in human biology.

            Este artigo propõe uma reconceituação da compreensão hierárquica do organismo humano, desafiando a ideia convencional de supremacia do sistema nervoso. Argumentamos que a coexistência simbiótica e a interdependência funcional entre todos os sistemas fornecem ao corpo humano notável resistência à tendência universal da entropia. Examinamos primeiramente as bases da vida celular, referindo-nos ao ATP e ao DNA, substâncias essenciais que resistem à tendência entrópica através de complexos mecanismos energéticos. Em seguida, analisamos a colaboração entre os sistemas do organismo, destacando o papel crítico dos eritrócitos, que constituem 83,9% do total de células (24,9 trilhões), no contexto da manutenção energética e homeostase. Desafiamos a visão convencional de que o sistema nervoso, composto por neurônios e células gliais, que juntos compõem 0,6% do total de células (0,17 trilhão), ocupa o ápice de uma hierarquia biológica, argumentando que o sistema nervoso é apenas um componente de um mecanismo mais amplo e interdependente. Finalmente, apresentamos uma descrição detalhada da composição celular humana, enfatizando a importância de cada tipo celular no contexto funcional, contribuindo assim para a totalidade do organismo. Com isso, apresentamos um vigoroso apelo para a realização de reavaliações críticas de premissas fundamentais da biologia humana.


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            ScienceOpen Preprints
            19 August 2023
            [1 ] Centro Universitário Filadélfia, Londrina, Brazil ( https://ror.org/04f558b63)
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            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            : 19 August 2023

            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Human biology
            Human organism,Entropy,ATP,DNA,Nervous system,Body systems,Biological hierarchy,Cellular composition


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