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      Comparative Transcriptomic Response Of Pancreatic And Breast Cancer Cells To Anacardic Acid Ans Olaparib : A Quest for an Enhanced Synergistic Therapy

      In review


            The study seeks to compare the transcriptomic response of pancreatic and breast cancer cells to Anarcadic Acid and Olaparib via the preparation of Pancreatic Cancer Cell Culture which involves the seeding of PANC-1 cells in 6-well plates (5× 105 cells per well). 24hours later, cells will be untreated or treated by 5mM anacardic acid, 2mM olaparib or a combination of anacardic acid (5mM) and olaparib (2mM) for 48hours; after which Pancreatic Cancer Cell’s mRNA Library will be Prepared and Sequenced using the Illumina TruSeq™ RNA Sample Prep Kit v2. Samples will be sequenced on the Illumina HiSeq 2500, 2× 100bp paired-end reads, to a minimum depth of 30 million reads per sample. Thereafter, the Computational Analyses of Pancreatic Cancer RNA-seq Data will be done by obtaining a total of 240 million obtained reads of high quality clean tags which will then be mapped and annotated via human reference genome using Bioconductor package biomaRt (http://www.bioconductor.org) (Durinck et al 2009). Mapped reads with mapping quality 10 or more will be defined as uniquely mapped reads and used in the downstream analyses. Biological networks and pathways related to anachardic acid, olaparib and the combination will be analyzed with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) software (Qiagen, CA, USA). The lists of all genes identified in gene expression analysis will be uploaded into the IPA software. For the analysis of networks and pathways, the cutoff values will be set at P≤ 1× 10−5 and FC≥ |2| respectively.Validation of RNA-seq Results by qRT-PCR via the expression of mRNA which will be determined in all 4 samples using Power SYBR® Green RNA-to-CT™ 1-Step Kit (Life Technologies, CA, USA). The Western blotting for the selected proteins will be performed, as described by Yue (Yue et al 2015). Thereafter, the Breast Cancer Cell Culture will be prepared and treated. Breast Cancer Cell’s mRNA RNA-seq will be prepared. The Truseq Stranded mRNA kit (Illumina) will be used to prepare mRNA libraries from 1 µg total RNA. Libraries will be confirmed on the Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer and quantitated using the Illumina Library Quantification Kit, ABI Prism qPCR Mix from Kapa Biosystems and the ABI7900HT real-time PCR instrument. The differential Gene Expression will be analysed RNA-seq reads will be assembled according to the hg19.gtf annotation file (downloaded from ENSEMBL) (Flicek et al 2014) using Cufflinks (version 2.2.1) (Trapnell et al 2012). For each comparison, both cufflinks assemblies shall be merged, and the resulting merged gtf file serves as the transcript input for differential gene expression analysis in Gene Ontology and KEGG pathways. For three of the comparisons, a p-value cutoff ≤0.05 shall be used to determine differential expression. In-silico pathway and network analysis of differentially expressed genes shall be performed in MetaCore version 6.27 (GeneGO, Thomson Reuters, New York, N.Y.) (Bolser et al 2012). The results obtained will be statistically analysed. The results of RT-PCR shall be normalized to expression of GAPDH using the formula 2∆ CT. One-way ANOVA shall be used for comparing treatment with the combination of anacardic acid and olaparib to the untreated control. A P value less than 0.05 will be considered statistically significant.


            Author and article information

            ScienceOpen Preprints
            19 August 2021
            [1 ] Biotechnology/Molecular Lab Department, Royal Society of Clinical and Academic Researchers International, Abuja, Nigeria, Department of Bioinformatics Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia
            [2 ] Bioinformatics Department, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
            [3 ] Bioinformatics Department, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia
            [4 ] Biotechnology/Molecular Lab Department, Royal Society of Clinical and Academic Researchers International, Abuja, Nigeria
            [5 ] Integrated Science Education Department, Federal College of Education (Technical) Bichi, Kano, Nigeria
            Author notes
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            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            : 19 August 2021
            Royal Society of Clinical and Academic Researchers International ROSCAR6577#

            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Medicine,Life sciences
            Breast Cancer,Cancer,Olaparib,Anacardic Acid,Transcriptomic Analysis,Gene


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