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      Pitfalls at Chemistry of Adenoviral Vector Vaccine against COVID-19 and how to Circumvent It.

      In review


            ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine is an adenovirus vector vaccine that designed to provoke immunity against SARS-CoV-2.This vaccine contains several inactive ingredients, including sodium chloride, magnesium chloride hexahydrate, ethanol, sucrose, and Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA).EDTA is a very potent zinc chelator which is used commonly in protein interaction studies. Exposure to EDTA even in lower concentrations may cause extreme stripping of zinc from many proteins, in-cluding zinc-binding proteins that described as a component of the largest and most complex gene superfamily in metazoans and the most common class of transcription factors.the EDTA-induced thrombocytopenia is a risk phenomenon caused by EDTA-dependent anti-platelet auto-antibodies that identify antigens modified by EDTA.Another issue is the adenovirus in the vaccine. It can induce thrombocytopenia, a potentially serious complication of gene therapy protocols using this type of vector.PEGylation already induced significantly lower serum il-6 levels by 70% (14)We noted that the study by Katie et al studied immune response by a single dose of ChAdOx1 nCov-19 not included test of Il-6 (15)We conclude from previous studies that the PEGylating of adenoviral vectors can be promise tech-nology as safety profile as significantly reduced IL-6 and liver toxicity and how avoiding the pitfalls of chemistry and virology so the PEGylation since first time at 1999 introduced by O’Riordan,C.R et al (16) need more advancements


            Author and article information

            ScienceOpen Preprints
            27 June 2021
            [1 ] 1Department of Public Health, Tuberculosis Program, First Health Cluster, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
            [2 ] 3Biomedical sciences department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia.
            Author notes

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the repository: http://10.31219/osf.io/anqcp
            Chemistry,Pharmacology & Pharmaceutical medicine,Infectious disease & Microbiology
            : ChAdOx1 COVID-19 vaccine; EDTA; zinc; adenovirus; polyethylene glycol


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