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      Gender variation in whole genome sequencing of susceptibility genes in a rat model of depression

      In review


            Depression is one of the most common mood disorders among psychiatric diseases, affecting about 10% of the adult population. Animal models are used to aid the understanding of its pathogenesis and search for therapies. Some of the models of stress generate animals that are susceptible to stress while others are resilient. Thus, this study aimed to determine the similarities and/or differences in the genes responsible for susceptibility to chronic unpredictable stress (CUS)-induced depression-like behaviors in male and female Wistar rats. Sixty (30 male and 30 female) Wistar rats weighing between 120 & 150g were used for this study. The rats were randomly divided into two main groups: A (male) and B (female). Rats in each main group were further divided into control (10) and test groups (20). Rats in the test groups were subjected to CUS (Willner, 2017). Depression-like behaviors were assessed using a battery of behavioral tests. Rats in the CUS-susceptible group were sacrificed and the hippocampus excised. gDNAwasextracted from the hippocampal samples and purified. Purified DNA was subjected to whole genome sequencing (WGS). Base-calling of sequence reads from raw sequencing signal(FAST5) files was carried outand variants were called from alignment BAM files.Genes were identified, their impacts estimated, and variants annotated.60% of each of the male and female rats subjected to CUS showed significant (p<0.05) depression-like behaviors. WGS of the hippocampal DNA revealed atotal of 289,839 SNPsvariant types,7002insertions,34,459 deletions, and 1,570,186 single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs)variant types, 109,860insertions, 597,241 deletionsin CUS-susceptible male and female Wistar rats respectively.A total of 6 and 22 genes are implicated in increased susceptibility to depression in male and female Wistar rats respectively (M: F = 1:3.7).


            Author and article information

            ScienceOpen Preprints
            20 July 2022
            [1 ] Department of Physiology, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
            [2 ] Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria.
            [3 ] Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Center, Idi-Aba, Abeokuta, Nigeria
            Author notes

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            Medicine,Life sciences
            Depression-like behaviors,Vulnerability,Rat,Whole genome sequencing,Chronic unpredictable mild stress


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