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      Preventative and Proactive Measures to Mitigate the Transmission of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)

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            Abstract

            Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission can be mitigated through a combination of preventive and proactive measures. In this review, we first highlight modes of SARS-CoV-2 transmission, quantitatively assess individual mitigation measures, and conclude with a qualitative comparison. We detail how the efficacy of specific face masks must be balanced with their availability, while for comparison, social distancing and good hygiene practices may not be as directly effective as respirators but are widely accessible methods not subject to limited supplies. Controlling environmental setting, testing, and contact tracing are highly effective mitigation practices, but typically require collective action versus the individual activity of the former strategies. Our qualitative comparative assessment of preventative mitigation factors (i.e., face mask usage, social distancing, hygiene, and choice of environment setting) and proactive mitigation measures (i.e., testing, and contact tracing) serves to inform communities on the effectiveness and feasibility of these strategies.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            23 June 2021
            Affiliations
            [1 ] John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPAAHGK.v1
            e535ec01-6f4f-4b2c-9393-5fabac59ba3e

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Public health,Infectious disease & Microbiology
            COVID-19,SARS-CoV-2,masks,contact tracing,physical distancing,Corona virus

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