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      On derivation of an invariant velocity and the Lorentz transformation using the principle of relativity

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      In review
      research-article
        1 ,
      ScienceOpen Preprints
      ScienceOpen
      Lorentz transformation, Linear transformation, Invariant velocity, Principle of relativity, Constancy of the speed of light
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            Revision notes

            Added the condition for dk2/du'=0 when m is a function of u' in the preprint.

            Abstract

            Although traditional derivations of the Lorentz transformation rely on both postulates of relativity and constancy of the speed of light, some researchers have argued that linear transformations per se would naturally lead to a Lorentz type transformation with an unspecified velocity limit. The present study analyzes such a published derivation and shows that linear transformations do not naturally lead to invariant velocities. In the derivation analyzed by this study, in addition to its mathematic mistakes, its author’s interpretation of the derived results is also logically invalid. Its author and some researchers overlooked other consequences than the ones that appear to imply an invariant velocity or a velocity limit, when they were deriving parameters for linear transformations. Therefore, imposing at least two postulates is necessary for deriving the Lorentz transformation or its family of linear transformations. Linear transformations conforming to the principle of relativity alone are not sufficient to ensure a velocity limit or an invariant velocity.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            1 September 2022
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Department of Finance, Accounting and Economics, Nottingham University Business School China, University of Nottingham Ningbo China
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPDL4WW.v2
            d9aa373c-88a6-4ca9-ba7d-7e8bad9cb056

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Physics
            Lorentz transformation,Linear transformation,Invariant velocity,Principle of relativity,Constancy of the speed of light

            References

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            3. Berzi Vittorio, Gorini Vittorio. Reciprocity Principle and the Lorentz Transformations. Journal of Mathematical Physics. Vol. 10(8):1518–1524. 1969. AIP Publishing. [Cross Ref]

            4. Coleman B. A dual first-postulate basis for special relativity. European Journal of Physics. Vol. 24(4)2003. IOP Publishing. [Cross Ref]

            5. Shen Jian Qi. Generalized Edwards Transformation and Principle of Permutation Invariance. International Journal of Theoretical Physics. Vol. 47(3):751–764. 2008. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. [Cross Ref]

            6. Sela Or, Tamir Boaz, Dolev Shahar, Elitzur Avshalom C.. Can Special Relativity Be Derived from Galilean Mechanics Alone? Foundations of Physics. Vol. 39(5):499–509. 2009. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. [Cross Ref]

            7. Drory Alon. Special Relativity Cannot Be Derived from Galilean Mechanics Alone. Foundations of Physics. Vol. 43(5):665–684. 2013. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. [Cross Ref]

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