The aim of this study was to determine the effect of computer based test (CBT) on the academic performance of B.S.c (Ed.) physics students at the University of Agriculture, Makurdi. The results of 100L students who wrote their examinations with paper-and-pencil test (PPT), from2011/2012 to 2013/2014 academic sessions and those that wrote with CBT from 2014/2015 to2015/2016 academic sessions were analyzed. The raw scores of students’ result were used for this research. The population of this study was six hundred and thirty nine (639) registered students in B.sc (Ed.) Physics, which is the total number of 100L students’ who registered and wrote their examinations from 2011/2012 to 2015/2016 academic sessions at the University of Agriculture, Makurdi (UAM). For the purpose of this study, the descriptive survey design was used. The purposive sampling technique was used for the selection of the sample from the population. The results were analyzed using the Students T-test. The findings of this research show that, there is no significant effect of CBT on the academic performance of B.sc (ED) Physics at the University of Agriculture, Makurdi.