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      Transcultural Psychiatry: Comparison of Eastern and Western Culture and their influence on mental health and its treatment

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          Abstract

          Introduction

          In a globalizing world the need for humans to understand one another is fundamental. Transcultural Psychiatry aims to bridge the differences due to culture, norms and values, especially in a controversial topic such as the paranormal between doctors and patients.

          Objectives

          To study the beliefs of Eastern and Western populations on the subject of religion, the paranormal and its relation to mental health.

          Methods

          The study was conducted targeting citizens of Eastern and Western countries (target sample size 200). A survey and 2 case studies were distributed, aimed to determine respondents level of belief in cultural superstitions and practices, views on mental disorders and opinions on treatment. A chi-square statistical test (significance set at 0.05) was performed to test validity.

          Results

          Results are tabulated in Table 1. In the case studies, P-value =4.68x10 -6 proves a strong relationship between East/West populations and their viewpoints on mental illness vs. possession. There is a strong relationship (p=3.37x10 -5) between respondents beliefs in spiritual healing and its effectiveness in treating mental illness.

          Table 1

          East

          West

          Total respondents (226)

          58%

          42%

          Identified as religious

          74%

          26%

          Strong belief in paranormal

          85%

          15%

          Effectiveness of spiritual healing

          55%

          45%

          Preferred methods of treatment

          Mental health professionals

          54%

          46%

          Religious healer/psychic

          90%

          10%

          Conclusions

          The study revealed that Eastern populations are far more superstitious and religious than their Western conterparts, and also have higher belief in the effectiveness of spiritual healing to treat mental disorders. This difference demonstrates the importance of integrating culture into diagnosis and treatment of mental illnesses, and further explore methods for more inclusive treatment plans.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ScienceOpen Posters
          ScienceOpen
          10 February 2021
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Psychotherapy; Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd, Russia.
          [2 ] Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Psychotherapy; Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd, Russia.
          [3 ] Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Psychotherapy; Volgograd State Medical University, Volgograd city, Russia.
          Article
          10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPJS1UW.v1

          This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

          The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

          Medicine

          Spiritual healing, Transcultural Psychiatry, West vs East , Cultural beliefs , Modern medicine , Religions, Paranormal , Superstitions

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