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      The Authenticity of Transmitted Reports on the First Intellect : A Critical Study of Islamic Political Theology

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            Dear Editor,

            I reuploaded the file because the old one had a typo error. Please replace the revised file with the old one.
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            Toussi

            Abstract

            Most Muslim thinkers perceive the Prophet Muhammad -besides being a messenger- as a political leader with divine authority and saw his religion as the socio-political program for this worldly life. The theology behind this politics becomes a powerful tool for the heirs of the Prophet - the caliphs, kings, and jurists in later centuries- to sanctify their political authority and link it to a divine right. Muslim philosophers have had a central role in theorizing this theology. They made an effort to demonstrate the ontic superiority of the Prophet through the idea of al-‘aql al-awwal as the First Creation -- inherited from Aristotelian, the Neo-Platonic and Hellenistic prophetic philosophy -- which they associated with political authority in Islam. The Islamization of this idea was mainly accomplished by the numerous transmitted reports (sg.ḥadīth) that introduced the spirit of the Prophet (Muhammadan Reality)as the First Creation and apolitical agent of the sacred or the transcendent realm. After a discussion of the reasoning of the most prominent Muslim philosophers on this issue, this studyby way of isnād-cum-matn analysis - a textual and historical examination of the transmission chains and content of the hadiths –will critically examine the authenticity of these sources.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            29 August 2022
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Isthmus Press
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPLZGGJ.v2
            cf3f24ec-d5e1-4d80-ba68-c68e5e8b16ee

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            Funding
            N/A N/A

            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Religious studies & Theology,Philosophy
            Muhammad Reality,political authority,transmitted report,superior being,al- ‘aql al-awwal (the first Intellect)

            References

            1. Toussi Seyyed Khalil. The Political Philosophy of Mullā Ṣadrā. 2020. Routledge. [Cross Ref]

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