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      HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS FOR STROKE IN THE BRAZILIAN NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL FINDINGS FROM 2019-2020

      research-article
        1 , , 2
      ScienceOpen Posters
      ScienceOpen
      Stroke, Hospital Admissions, Brazilian Unified Health System, Epidemiology
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            Abstract

            Background and Aims

            Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in adults, accounting for a high number of hospitalizations worldwide.This study aims to evaluate the epidemiology of hospitalizations for stroke in Brazil during 2019 and 2020.

            Methods

            Cross-sectional, descriptive and retrospective study, which evaluated the epidemiology of hospital admissions for stroke in the Brazilian National Health System in the years 2019 and 2020.Hospital admissions were evaluated by sex, race and age group using the national database (DATASUS – Department of Informatics of the Unified Health System). The official classification of race/skin color in Brazil is composed of five categories: White, Brown [Pardo], Black,Yellow and Indigenous.

            Results

            During this time period, there was a total of 316,859 hospitalizations for stroke in the Brazilian National Health System, with 163,120 (51.5%) hospital admissions in 2019 and 153,739 (48.5%) in 2020. Also, 166,178 (52.4%) patients were male and 150,681 (47.6%) were female. Regarding race (n=250,446); 106,998 (42.7%) patients considered themselves white, 116,601 (46.6%) brown, 17,085 (6.8%) black and 9,762 (3.9%) others. Regarding age groups; 64,939 (20.5%) were >80 years old, 163,114 (51.5%) were 60-79, 74,605 (23.5%) were 40-59 and 14,201 (4.5%) were <40.

            Conclusions

            The majority of patients hospitalized for stroke were 60-79 years old and white or brown. The similar number of hospital admissions in 2019 and 2020 may suggest that hospitalizations for stroke were not significantly impacted by hospital’s oversaturation by the COVID-19 pandemic.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Posters
            ScienceOpen
            28 September 2021
            Affiliations
            [1 ] University Center of Volta Redonda, UNIFOA
            [2 ] Federal University of Pelotas, UFPEL
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPOGUXA.v1
            1cf2a7cd-bb67-429a-a2b7-ca07503e8571

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the repository: https://datasus.saude.gov.br/informacoes-de-saude-tabnet/
            Medicine,Statistics
            Stroke,Hospital Admissions,Brazilian Unified Health System,Epidemiology

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