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      AI in Healthcare: medical and socio-economic benefits and challenges

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      research-article

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      AI, Artificial Intelligence, Bias, Cost minimization, Mental health, Surgery

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          Abstract

          The objective of this research was to investigate benefits and challenges of AI in healthcare. We divided the benefits into two subcategories: benefits related to the medical domain, and the benefits related to economic and social lives domain. The findings are: 1) Smart data inclusion contributes significantly and help to improve decision-making quality. 2) Surgical robots have improved the precision and predictability of the surgery. 3) Intraoperative guidance via video pictures and communication systems has proven to be beneficial, particularly in situations when there is a poor access to clinics, travel limitations, or pandemic. The major challenges are: 1) the data reflects sometimes inherent biases and disparities in the healthcare system. 2) The demand for huge datasets incentivizes developers to acquire data from a large number of patients. Some patients may be worried that this data collection would infringe on their confidentiality. 3) AI systems may occasionally be incorrect, resulting in patient damage or other health-care issues. It is not assumed that a new technology will always be good; it has the potential to be detrimental. There are some improvements that benefit and there are some challenges that may harm, and these challenges must be responded by future research.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          ScienceOpen Preprints
          ScienceOpen
          25 September 2021
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Saudia Arabia
          Author notes
          Article
          10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPRQNI1.v1

          This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

          Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.

          Artificial intelligence

          AI, Artificial Intelligence, Bias, Cost minimization, Mental health, Surgery

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