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      A Review on Larvicidal Activity of Silver Nanoparticles Derived From Ficus spp. Against Aedes aegypti

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            Abstract

            Insecticidal resistance among mosquitoes has become prevalent due to the continuous use of insecticides to control dengue vectors. This became the catalyst for researchers to come up with an alternative that is mainly organic and biologically synthesized from plants. Silver nanoparticles are widely known as one of the effective alternative larvicides since it has the silver's bactericidal capabilities, the larvicidal activity of the chosen plant, and excellent effectiveness due to its small particle size which measures around 1 nanometer to 100 nanometers, as well as the excellent surface area to volume ratio. Different plant parts such as leaves and fruits from some Ficus spp. are widely used and studied in deriving silver nanoparticles to test their larvicidal activities against dengue vectors. Researchers discovered that this is due to the plant extracts from most Ficus spp. which contain phytochemical components that are known for having a huge role in ferric reduction and radical scavenging actions. Most researchers used advanced analytical methods to explore the characteristics of the derived silver nanoparticles and used WHO protocol in testing the effectiveness in combating dengue vectors. This review will discuss the possibility that silver nanoparticles derived from an indigenous plants, which are Ficus species, can be a feasible alternative to combat dengue outbreaks.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            12 May 2022
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Department of Medical Technology, Institute of Arts and Sciences, Far Eastern University - Manila 1015, Philippines
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPUOPF7.v1
            d5e387b4-fe24-487e-a81e-9c7dc1fa1aae

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files).
            Earth & Environmental sciences,Life sciences
            Aedes aegypti, Dengue virus, Ficus species, Insecticidal resistance, Silver nanoparticles

            References

            1. Chung Ill-Min, Park Inmyoung, Seung-Hyun Kim, Thiruvengadam Muthu, Rajakumar Govindasamy. Plant-Mediated Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles: Their Characteristic Properties and Therapeutic Applications. Nanoscale Research Letters. Vol. 11(1)2016. Springer Science and Business Media LLC. [Cross Ref]

            2. A Review on the Use of Essential Oil-Based Nanoformulations in Control of Mosquitoes. Biointerface Research in Applied Chemistry. Vol. 11(5):12516–12529. 2021. AMG Transcend Association. [Cross Ref]

            3. Bhaskara Rao K.V., Ojha V., Preeti, Kumar G., Karthik L. Phytochemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of<i>Ficus benghalensis</i>(Moraceae) Leaf Extract. Journal of Biologically Active Products from Nature. Vol. 4(3):236–248. 2014. Informa UK Limited. [Cross Ref]

            4. Wahab Shahid, Khan Tariq, Adil Muhammad, Khan Ajmal. Mechanistic aspects of plant-based silver nanoparticles against multi-drug resistant bacteria. Heliyon. Vol. 7(7)2021. Elsevier BV. [Cross Ref]

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