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      Speciation and infrageneric classification in the planktonic dinoflagellate Tripos (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae)

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      Ceratium, Dinoflagellata, Dinophyta, phytoplankton, plankton, systematics, dinoflagellate, Dinophyceae, Tripos, taxonomy
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            Abstract

            The genus Tripos , formerly marine species of Ceratium , is the dinoflagellate with the greatest number of species and infraspecific taxa (~800) due to the high morphological intraspecific variability of numerous species. In the past, the species of Tripos were proposed into distinct genera. A re-instatement of this generic split is not justified due the difficulties to circumscribe the basal subgenera Amphiceratium and Archaeceratium , and the polyphyletic character of Biceratium . A new infrageneric classification is proposed. The subgenus Amphiceratium is dismembered after the classification of the sections Inflata and partially Fusiformia into Archaeceratium . The subgenus Tripos (autonym) replaces other names such as Tripoceratium or Orthoceratium . Based on the original descriptions, the records of T. furca and T. lineatus correspond to T. eugrammus and T. furca , respectively, and T. macroceros has been reported as T. contrarius . The names T. belone and T. carriensis have been misapplied for T. pacificus and T. volans , respectively. Tripos arcuatus , T. gracilis , T. inclinatus , T. scapiformis and T. subcontortus are revived to replace T. euarcuatus , T. declinatus , T. horridus , T. longirostrum and T. contortus , respectively. The species T. ramakrishnae and T. fusus var. schuettii were described from individuals infected by endoparasites. Tripos rotundatus comb. nov . is proposed for C. digitatum var. rotundatum. As a result of taxonomic revision, Tripos is restricted to 57 correct species, although the speciation and synonymy is largely incomplete due to lack of studies in the life cycle and molecular data.

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            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            31 August 2020
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Carmen Campos Panisse 3, Puerto de Santa Maria
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPWONUQ.v1
            4de5f4b0-5fc6-4719-9df6-6d9494a32457

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article (and its supplementary information files).
            Earth & Environmental sciences,Oceanography & Hydrology,Plant science & Botany,Ecology,Microbiology & Virology,Life sciences
            phytoplankton,Dinophyta,taxonomy,Tripos,Dinophyceae,dinoflagellate,Dinoflagellata,Ceratium,systematics,plankton

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