Muse came from Somalia, where he was trained as a medical doctor and completed a Bachelor of Science in Medicine and Surgery in Somalia. Muse then graduated from Minnesota State University Mankato, Minnesota, U.S, with a Bachelor of Science in Biomedicine. Muse has now completed a Master of Public Health (MPH) at the Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota, Minnesota, U.S, and he is moving forward with Ph.D. in infectious diseases. His research focuses on infectious diseases, health disparities, and health equity among racial minorities.
Disproportionate rates of HIV infection among African Americans is an increasing concern in the United States. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of HIV prevention programs on African Americans and social determinants fueling HIV-related risk behaviors. Using literature, this study analyzed the incidences of HIV infection among African Americans in the United States and the effectiveness of the prevention programs. African Americans struggle with mass incarceration, drugs, stigma, criminalization, and lack of economic opportunities, which contribute to the HIV-related risk behaviors. The existing traditional prevention programs in place are not working for African Americans. Tailored and culturally relevant programs should be designed and implemented. Further studies are needed to establish the causal relationships and develop preventive measures.