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      The Magnitude of the Impact of HIV on the Human Beings in the World’s Richest Country, America: The Misery of African Americans

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            Author Summary

            Summary

            Muse came from Somalia, where he was trained as a medical doctor and completed a Bachelor of Science in Medicine and Surgery in Somalia. Muse then graduated from Minnesota State University Mankato, Minnesota, U.S, with a Bachelor of Science in Biomedicine. Muse has now completed a Master of Public Health (MPH) at the Saint Mary’s University of Minnesota, Minnesota, U.S, and he is moving forward with Ph.D. in infectious diseases. His research focuses on infectious diseases, health disparities, and health equity among racial minorities.

            Abstract

            Disproportionate rates of HIV infection among African Americans is an increasing concern in the United States. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of HIV prevention programs on African Americans and social determinants fueling HIV-related risk behaviors. Using literature, this study analyzed the incidences of HIV infection among African Americans in the United States and the effectiveness of the prevention programs. African Americans struggle with mass incarceration, drugs, stigma, criminalization, and lack of economic opportunities, which contribute to the HIV-related risk behaviors. The existing traditional prevention programs in place are not working for African Americans. Tailored and culturally relevant programs should be designed and implemented. Further studies are needed to establish the causal relationships and develop preventive measures.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            25 August 2021
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Saint Mary's University of Minnesota School of Public Health
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPWTUJQ.v1
            8bafb967-cde6-4d2f-90b7-112de089e0ce

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Medicine,Social & Behavioral Sciences,Life sciences
            HIV,Black Americans,Blacks,Discrimination,Health Disparities,Health Equity,AIDS,African Americans

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