Renal failure either acute or chronic is a global public health problem. In developed countries, this condition occurs mainly in the elderly. The World Health Organization (WHO) has made preventing chronic disease a vital investment. The incidence of RF, long underestimated, increases with the age of the patient. Estimated at eight per million in children, it increases to 949 in octogenarians. In the registers of the Internal Medicine department of the HUEH, the country's reference center, kidney failure is very common after cardiac and gastric pathologies. The aim of this study will be to describe the epidemiological aspects of renal failure cases by studying quantitative and qualitative variables.
This is a retrospective quantitative study conducted on sample patients in the Internal Medicine Department of the Hospital of the State University of Haiti (HUEH). The study was conducted on 39 patients admitted and registered in the internal medicine department of the HUEH during the period from May 2018 to December 2018 for the concept of renal failure.
A total of 39 patients with 17 women (44%) and 22 men (56%).The mean age of the patients is 48.66 years, the main length of hospitalization is 21.7 days. Chronic renal failure (CRF) is the dominant diagnosis 27 cases (69.23%) compared to acute renal failure (ARF), 7 cases (17.95%), end-stage chronic renal failure (ESRF) 4 cases (10.26%) and severe chronic renal failure (SCRF) 1 case (2.56%). For patient outcome, discontinuation was 16 patients (41.03%), exeated was 15 patients (38.46%), Death was 7 patients (17.95%), transferred was 1 patient (2.56%). The department of origin was not mentioned for 20 patients (51.28%), the dominant department is the West or 11 patients (28.21%).