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      Stories of Arab Intersex Individuals

      In review


            Knowledge around intersexuality seems inexistent in the Arab world, with intersex individuals being subject to inhumane practices. A semi-structured interview with Helem, an LGBTQIA+ non-governmental organization in Lebanon, was conducted and three cases of intersex individuals were presented. Views on how to manage intersex individuals seem to differ from one physician to another, with many opting for sex-reassignment surgery due to sociocultural rather than medical reasons. Many physicians showed paternalistic approaches during the decision-making process. Moreover, intersex individuals who had been subject to surgery during their childhood showed high levels of psychiatric symptoms. Additionally, intersex individuals’ parents had high levels of stress and anxiety. To conclude, intersex individuals are being subject to abuse in the Arab world, with no medicolegal framework to protect them. Future efforts should focus on raising awareness about intersex issues, preventing unethical surgeries, and educating physicians on how to properly respond to intersex patients.


            Author and article information

            ScienceOpen Preprints
            24 March 2022
            [1 ] Lebanese University, Faculty of Medical Sciences
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            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            : 24 March 2022

            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Endocrinology & Diabetes,Urology,Medicine,Pediatrics,Surgery,Sexual medicine,Religious studies & Theology,General social science,Family & Child studies,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
            Intersex, Queer, LGBT, Arab, Genitals, Lebanon, Ethics, Experiences


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