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      Protection and Monitoring of DESO

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            Abstract

            This chapter first accurately reviews the basics of smart microgrid protection since the definitions vary from a reference to another. Then it focuses on the fault responses of Inverter-Based Resources (IBR’s) as those are emerging technologies that will be playing the great role of interfacing primary energy resources and the grid. In particular, for materialization of net-zero Carbon emission in electricity generation, the use of IBR’s is indispensable. However, the non-universal and software-defined IBR fault responses make conventional relays such as overcurrent, directional, and distance relays inapplicable in heavily IBR-based grids. Therefore, the discrepancy between conventional and IBR fault responses is elaborated and possible solutions to the looming protection issues are discussed. The shortcomings and merits of each solution are also discussed.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            ScienceOpen Preprints
            ScienceOpen
            26 January 2022
            Affiliations
            [1 ] ECE Department, Georgia Southern university
            Author notes
            Article
            10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PPZ3SSM.v1
            9ff532c1-2ee5-4a1a-8377-948912ce21bc

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .


            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
            Engineering,Electrical engineering
            Autonomous Grid, Fault Current, Fault Level, Fault Response, IBR, Inverter, Source-Independent Protection

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