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      Active and stable platinum/ionic liquid/carbon nanotube electrocatalysts for oxidation of methanol

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          Abstract

          Platinum (Pt) nanoparticles (NPs) on carbon nanotubes (CNTs) from PtCl 6 2− ions through a facile ionic liquid (IL)-assisted method has been developed and used for methanol oxidation. 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium (BMIM) with four different counter ions (PF 6 , Cl , Br , and I ) have been tested for the preparation of Pt/IL/CNT nanohybrids, showing the counterions of ILs play an important role in the formation of small sizes of Pt NPs. Only [BMIM][PF 6] and [BMIM][Cl] allow reproducible preparation of Pt/IL/CNT nanohybrids. The electroactive surface areas of Pt/[BMIM][PF 6]/CNT, Pt/[BMIM][Cl]/CNT, Pt/CNT, and commercial Pt/C electrodes are 62.8, 101.5, 78.3, and 87.4 m 2 g −1, respectively. The Pt/[BMIM][Cl]/CNT nanohybrid-modified electrodes provide higher catalytic activity (251.0 A g −1) at a negative onset potential of −0.60 V than commercial Pt/C-modified ones do (133.5 A g −1) at −0.46 V. The Pt/[BMIM][Cl]/CNT electrode provides the highest ratio (4.52) of forward/reverse oxidation current peak, revealing a little accumulation of carbonaceous residues.

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          Most cited references 48

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          One-Step Ionic-Liquid-Assisted Electrochemical Synthesis of Ionic-Liquid-Functionalized Graphene Sheets Directly from Graphite

           Na Liu,  Fang Luo,  Haoxi Wu (2008)
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            A collaborative effect between gold and a support induces the selective oxidation of alcohols.

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              Functionalization density dependence of single-walled carbon nanotubes cytotoxicity in vitro.

              The cytotoxic response of cells in culture is dependant on the degree of functionalization of the single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT). After characterizing a set of water-dispersible SWNTs, we performed in vitro cytotoxicity screens on cultured human dermal fibroblasts (HDF). The SWNT samples used in this exposure include SWNT-phenyl-SO(3)H and SWNT-phenyl-SO(3)Na (six samples with carbon/-phenyl-SO(3)X ratios of 18, 41, and 80), SWNT-phenyl-(COOH)(2) (one sample with carbon/-phenyl-(COOH)(2) ratio of 23), and underivatized SWNT stabilized in 1% Pluronic F108. We have found that as the degree of sidewall functionalization increases, the SWNT sample becomes less cytotoxic. Further, sidewall functionalized SWNT samples are substantially less cytotoxic than surfactant stabilized SWNTs. Even though cell death did not exceed 50% for cells dosed with sidewall functionalized SWNTs, optical and atomic force microscopies show direct contact between cellular membranes and water-dispersible SWNTs; i.e. the SWNTs in aqueous suspension precipitate out and selectively deposit on the membrane.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                SOR-CHEM
                ScienceOpen Research
                ScienceOpen
                2199-1006
                9 October 2014
                : 0 (ID: 5d304b97-4244-4235-8cf7-546b348dd9fd )
                : 0
                : 1-8
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Department of Chemistry, National Taiwan University, 1, Section 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 106, Taiwan
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author's e-mail address: changht@ 123456ntu.edu.tw
                Article
                1927:XE
                10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-CHEM.AYZQJS.v1
                © 2014 G-L. Lin et al.

                This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

                Page count
                Figures: 4, Tables: 0, References: 54, Pages: 8
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