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      A review on paleoenvironment suitability for hominid fossils and other early vertebrate faunas: a case from Pucangan and Kabuh Formations, Central and East Java, Indonesia

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          The northern part of the East Java Basin has become a focus of research by earth scientists, among others, because of the existence of hominid fossils and remains of other vertebrate taxa within the Quaternary sedimentary sequence. Fossil-bearing layers are found in the Kendeng Zone, mostly within the well-known Pucangan and Kabuh Formations, which are distributed from Central to East Java. However, not all formations contain vertebrate fossils as well as hominid elements. It is important to consider what factors may have influenced the concentration of vertebrate fossils in those formations. In this study, we describe sedimentary facies at three key field locations: Sangiran, Ngawi, and Mojokerto. Our study indicates that vertebrate remains and hominid fossils mainly accumulated in continental sediments associated with lacustrine and fluvial systems. In this regard, Sangiran and Ngawi B offer the greatest prospect for yielding hominid remains, owing to their unique paleoenvironmental and paleogeographical settings as a highland during the Early–Middle Pleistocene period. Certain parts of the Kabuh Formation in the Mojokerto region also hold high potential, especially those displaying evidence of continental deposition.

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          Most cited references 17

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          The geology of Indonesia

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            Preliminary study of Homo erectus skull IX (Tig-1993.05) from Sangiran, central Java, Indonesia

             J Arif,  H Baba,  ME Suparka (2001)
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              Geology of the Kendend Zone (Central & East Java)


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                ScienceOpen Research
                12 July 2016
                : 0 (ID: 2ae221be-d31c-4048-acb4-fe61658c4682 )
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                Department of Geology, Institute of Technology Bandung, Bandung 40132, Indonesia
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author’s e-mail address: dasaptaerwin@ 123456outlook.co.id
                © 2016 Kapid et al.

                This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

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                Figures: 10, Tables: 0, References: 22, Pages: 7
                Original article


                Dear valued readers, the order of the authors should be: Rubiyanto Kapid, Johan Arif, and Dasapta Erwin Irawan. The change will be applied on the fully formatted version. Thank you for reading our paper.

                2016-07-12 22:53 UTC

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