1,987
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
2 collections
    51
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Emergence of qualia from brain activity or from an interaction of proto-consciousness with the brain: which one is the weirder? Available evidence and a research agenda

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          This contribution to the science of consciousness aims at comparing how two different theories can explain the emergence of different qualia experiences: meta-awareness, meta-cognition, the placebo effect, out-of-body experiences, cognitive therapy, meditation-induced brain changes, etc. The first theory postulates that qualia experiences derive from specific neural patterns, and the second one that qualia experiences derive from the interaction of a proto-consciousness with the brain’s neural activity. From this comparison, it will be possible to judge which one seems to better explain the different qualia experiences and to offer a more promising research agenda.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 72

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain.

          There has been a long controversy as to whether subjectively 'free' decisions are determined by brain activity ahead of time. We found that the outcome of a decision can be encoded in brain activity of prefrontal and parietal cortex up to 10 s before it enters awareness. This delay presumably reflects the operation of a network of high-level control areas that begin to prepare an upcoming decision long before it enters awareness.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            Human volition: towards a neuroscience of will.

            The capacity for voluntary action is seen as essential to human nature. Yet neuroscience and behaviourist psychology have traditionally dismissed the topic as unscientific, perhaps because the mechanisms that cause actions have long been unclear. However, new research has identified networks of brain areas, including the pre-supplementary motor area, the anterior prefrontal cortex and the parietal cortex, that underlie voluntary action. These areas generate information for forthcoming actions, and also cause the distinctive conscious experience of intending to act and then controlling one's own actions. Volition consists of a series of decisions regarding whether to act, what action to perform and when to perform it. Neuroscientific accounts of voluntary action may inform debates about the nature of individual responsibility.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              The conscious access hypothesis: origins and recent evidence.

               Bernard Baars (2002)
              Consciousness might help to mobilize and integrate brain functions that are otherwise separate and independent. Evidence for this 'conscious access hypothesis' was described almost two decades ago, in a framework called global workspace theory. The theory had little impact at first, for three reasons: because consciousness was controversial; the evidence, though extensive, was indirect; and integrative theory was unfashionable. Recent neuroimaging evidence appears broadly to support the hypothesis, which has implications for perception, learning, working memory, voluntary control, attention and self systems in the brain.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                (View ORCID Profile)
                (View ORCID Profile)
                Journal
                SOR-SOCSCI
                ScienceOpen Research
                ScienceOpen
                2199-1006
                16 August 2016
                : 0 (ID: 6c9b13db-64f3-451b-ab3f-038f2779509b )
                : 0
                : 1-7
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
                [2 ]Department of Neurosciences, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
                [3 ]DPSS, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author’s e-mail address: patrizio.tressoldi@ 123456unipd.it
                Article
                3752:XE
                10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-SOCSCI.AY054B.v1
                © 2016 Tressoldi et al.

                This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 2, References: 66, Pages: 7
                Product
                Categories
                Original article

                Comments

                Comment on this article