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      Roleplaying to Improve Resilience

      , ,

      Architecture_MPS

      UCL Press

      resilience, urban systems, PMESII, role-playing games, crisis planning

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          Abstract

          This article presents an approach to improve urban resilience by examining crisis dynamics through a role-playing game. The set of exploratory exercises extend the Archaria 2035 scenario and geographic information system model, which was developed by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to advance concepts that support military operations. Participants (graduate students) worked in teams to identify and map critical relationships related to health, safety and welfare through a modified version of the Political, Military, Economic, Social, Infrastructure, Information (PMESII) framework. Next, each participant was given a one-page stakeholder profile that specified motives, kinds and degrees of influence, and connections to other stakeholders. This information was used to create maps that showed how each character understood the city. Crisis event details were revealed a day-and-a-half before the game. NATO staff contributed to the event by presenting courses of action to restore security and order. Participants gave opinions on how their characters might act during the event and react to the proposed military operations. Conversations created temporary collaborations among some stakeholders but also conflicts among others that could create additional problems. A post-game assignment asked participants to write memos on specific policies and plans that would reduce vulnerability to the crisis. As a matter of pedagogy, results the demonstrate the value of role-playing to consider multiple perspectives and second- and third-order effects of a crisis. Specifically, connecting gameplay conversations and results back to initial ideas about health, safety and welfare contributed to reconsiderations of assumptions about contingent relationships.

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          Most cited references 57

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          Resilient cities: meaning, models, and metaphor for integrating the ecological, socio-economic, and planning realms

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: Guest Editor
                Role: Guest Editor
                Role: Guest Editor
                Journal
                Archit_MPS
                Architecture_MPS
                UCL Press
                2050-9006
                04 January 2021
                : 18
                : 1
                Affiliations
                Ball State University, USA
                School of Architecture Associate Dean for Research and Technology, Fellow of the Potter Rose Professorship in Urban Planning, Associate Professor, The University of Texas at Austin, USA; ashearer@ 123456austin.utexas.edu
                Article
                Archit_MPS-18-6
                10.14324/111.444.amps.2020v18i1.006
                © 2021, Allan W. Shearer.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited • DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.444.amps.2020v18i1.006.

                Page count
                Pages: 13
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                Custom metadata
                Shearer, A. W. ‘Roleplaying to Improve Resilience’. Architecture_MPS 18, 1 (2021): 6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.444.amps.2020v18i1.006.

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