This article focuses on recent developments with regard to the mechanisms for international
dispute settlement which the EU has accepted or in some instances promoted, or which
in any case are of direct relevance for the EU. As a preliminary question, the case
law of the European Court of Justice concerning the compatibility of international
dispute settlement mechanisms will be analysed. The article then provides an overview
of such mechanisms included in multilateral and bilateral agreements concluded by
the EU, with a particular emphasis on recent bilateral trade and cooperation agreements.
The last parts of the article look at specific institutional problems such as the question
of the representation of the EU before international dispute settlement mechanisms,
and the special challenges posed by investment disputes and, in this context, investor-to-state
dispute settlement (ISDS), including ISDS mechanisms in bilateral investment agreements
concluded between the EU Member States.