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      An Educational Response to the Issue of Online Pornography for Schoolboys: The Case of Participatory Action Research in Lithuania

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          The rapid rise of online pornography has become a real challenge for educators dealing with the daily use of online pornography amongst schoolboys. Many researchers stress that online pornography has become a significant factor in gender socialization, reinforcing traditional constructions of men’s power over women in terms of hierarchy, objectification, submission and violence. There is a lack of educational discourse on how schools react or otherwise respond to the use of online pornography. In this paper, the case of participatory action research, implemented in one Lithuanian school, is presented as an educational approach for critical consciousness education of schoolboys with regards to online pornography. The outset of critical consciousness education is the students’ own experiences and lifeworlds wherein students and educators can jointly recognize and challenge the oppressed subjectivities and oppressive circumstances.

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          Adolescents’ Exposure to a Sexualized Media Environment and Their Notions of Women as Sex Objects

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            Practicing participatory action research.

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              Influence of unrestrained access to erotica on adolescents' and young adults' dispositions toward sexuality.

               D Zillmann (2000)
              Because consensually accepted programs of sexual education are lacking, erotica have come to serve as the primary agent of sexual socialization. The new media technology gives prepubertal children and postpubertal adolescents ready access to erotica in all their manifestations. However, next to nothing is known about the consequences of the steadily increasing amount of such exposure. A brief overview of what is known and what remains unknown about the effects of pornography on young adults is presented. Thereafter, the focus is on the development of sexual callousness across the pubertal threshold, and on how this callousness might be influenced by extensive exposure to erotica. The erotica under consideration are not so much those explicitly depicting coital behaviors as those that are less explicit and present a fuller social context of sexual engagements. A program of research is outlined that would help provide an understanding of erotica's effects on adolescents' sexual callousness, an understanding that is sorely needed for the construction of effective educational efforts aiming at the removal of callousness and coercion from sexual relations.

                Author and article information

                International Journal of Social Pedagogy
                UCL Press (UK )
                1 January 2014
                : 3
                : 1
                Vytautas Magnus University, Lithuania
                Eurodesk Lietuva and “Versli karta” Lithuania
                Author notes
                Correspondence to: J. Ruškus, Faculty of Social Sciences, Social Work Department, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaičio g. 52–301, LT-44244 Kaunas, Lithuania. Email: j.ruskus@ .

                *Jonas Ruškus is Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences and Professor in the Social Work Department at Vytautas Magnus University in Kaunas, Lithuania

                IrmantasSujeta is a social worker currently working for the non-governmental organisations EurodeskLietuva and as director of “Verslikarta” in Mažeikiai, Lithuania.

                Copyright © 2014 The Author(s)

                This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-NC-SA) 3.0, which permits re-use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided any modifications of this material in anyway is distributed under this same license, is not used for commercial purposes, and the original author and source are credited

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                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 42, Pages: 16


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                International Journal of Social Pedagogy
                Volume 3, Issue 1

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