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      Bullying and Victimization in Cyprus: The Role of Social Pedagogy

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          Abstract

          Bullying is a worldwide concern that affects negatively a significant minority of children. Over the past thirty years, a growing amount of empirical and theoretical work has been accumulated in the relevant literature. Researchers in Cyprus have focused on the causes and the prevalence of bullying, and have investigated numerous related factors (i.e. temperamental, relational, and contextual factors). In this paper, we will bring together recent empirical studies and theoretical work in order to draw a comprehensive picture of bullying in Cypriot schools. Our main objectives are to discuss local and international data on bullying; to analyze cross-cultural similarities and differences; to reflect on major issues related to bullying such as the psychosocial profiles of bullies, victims, and bully/victims, the causal factors and the consequences of bullying and victimization. Finally, we will discuss the role of the school, and particularly what is known as social pedagogy in preventing phenomena such as these from happening in our schools and our communities.

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          Most cited references 64

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          Bullying Behaviors Among US Youth

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            Children of depressed parents: an integrative review.

            This article reviews the various literatures on the adjustment of children of depressed parents, difficulties in parenting and parent-child interaction in these families, and contextual factors that may play a role in child adjustment and parent depression. First, issues arising from the recurrent, episodic, heterogeneous nature of depression are discussed. Second, studies on the adjustment of children with a depressed parent are summarized. Early studies that used depressed parents as controls for schizophrenic parents found equivalent risk for child disturbance. Subsequent studies using better-defined samples of depressed parents found that these children were at risk for a full range of adjustment problems and at specific risk for clinical depression. Third, the parenting difficulties of depressed parents are described and explanatory models of child adjustment problems are outlined. Contextual factors, particularly marital distress, remain viable alternative explanations for both child and parenting problems. Fourth, important gaps in the literature are identified, and a consistent, if unintentional, "mother-bashing" quality in the existing literature is noted. Given the limitations in knowledge, large-scale, long-term, longitudinal studies would be premature at this time.
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              Predictors of bullying and victimization in childhood and adolescence: A meta-analytic investigation.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ijsp
                ijsp
                International Journal of Social Pedagogy
                IJSP
                UCL Press (UK )
                2051-5804
                1 January 2015
                : 4
                : 1
                : 43-54
                Affiliations
                University of Cyprus, Cyprus
                Author notes
                Correspondence to: Stelios N. Georgiou, Faculty of Social Sciences and Sciences of Education, University of Cyprus, 75 Kallipoleos ave., Nicosia 1678, Cyprus. E-mail: stege@ 123456ucy.ac.cy

                *Stelios N. Georgiou is currently a professor of Educational Psychology at the University of Cyprus. He studied at New Jersey City University and Boston University, USA. His research interests include the examination of inter-personal factors affecting child development, home-school relations, parenting, parameters of aggressive behaviour, bullying at school, and various applications of systems theory in psychology and education. He has authored four books and seven book chapters. His research papers (more than 50) are published in international professional journals.

                Panayiotis Stavrinides received his PhD in Psychology from the University of Cyprus. He holds a BA in Psychology from St. Francis College, NY, and an MSc in Research Methods in Psychology from the University of Reading, UK. His research focuses on two main areas: First, he investigates bullying in childhood and adolescence. Second, he examines the relationship between various types of parent-child interactions and adolescent adjustment difficulties. Currently he is a lecturer in Developmental Psychology at the University of Cyprus. He teaches undergraduate and graduate courses and supervises a number of doctoral, Masters and undergraduate students.

                Militsa Nikiforou received her MA and PhD in Psychology from the University of Cyprus. She also holds a BA in Education from Aristotle University in Thessaloniki. Her research interests focus on the investigation of the predictors and consequences of bullying in schools. She has worked as a research associate and teaching faculty at the University of Cyprus, and she is now a lecturer in Educational Psychology at the University of Central Lancashire, Cyprus.

                Article
                10.14324/111.444.ijsp.2015.v4.1.004
                Copyright © 2015 The Author(s). [Special issue title, Social Pedagogy in Times of Crisis in Greece]

                This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-NC-SA) 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/, which permits re-use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided any modifications of this material in anyway is distributed under this same license, is not used for commercial purposes, and the original author and source are credited

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 89, Pages: 13

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                International Journal of Social Pedagogy
                Volume 4, Issue 1

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