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Greeks and Albanian Immigrants’ Perceptions on Family Values, Marriage Myths and Love: The Role of Acculturation

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      Abstract

      This paper aims to shed light on issues examined in the framework of social pedagogy, such as those that influence and often determine the values and the integrative model of individuals and groups as well as their subsequent perceptions and behaviours. The study focuses on comparative data from Greek and Albanian immigrants related to family values, parental roles, emotional models, family relationships as well as dimensions such as cultural integration and assimilation. More specifically, this article presents results regarding family values, marriage myths, intimacy, passion and commitment among 231 native Greeks and 102 Albanian immigrants. Next, it presents the correlations of acculturation of immigrants with family values, marriage myths and love. Participants completed the Triangular Love Scale (Sternberg, 1997), the Marriage Quiz (Larson, 1988) and the Family Value Scale (Georgas, 1999). Immigrants’ acculturation was measured using the Vancouver Index of Acculturation (Ryder et al., 2000). Traditional values such as the father as protector, the woman as subordinate, and restriction of emotions of intimacy were more prevalent among immigrants than among Greeks. Married people with children scored lower in intimacy, passion and commitment than unmarried and married participants without children. Immigrants’ orientation toward heritage culture and marriage myths was related to lower levels of intimacy. Both native Greeks and immigrants related good relationships of parent and children to higher intimacy, passion and commitment.

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      Is acculturation unidimensional or bidimensional? A head-to-head comparison in the prediction of personality, self-identity, and adjustment.

      The unidimensional model of acculturation posits that heritage and mainstream culture identifications have a strong inverse relation, whereas the bidimensional model posits that the 2 identifications are independent. The authors compared these models in 3 samples of ethnic Chinese (ns = 164, 150, and 204), 1 sample of non-Chinese East Asians (n = 70), and one diverse group of acculturating individuals (n = 140). Although the unidimensional measure showed a coherent pattern of external correlates, the bidimensional measure revealed independent dimensions corresponding to heritage and mainstream culture identification. These dimensions displayed patterns of noninverse correlations with personality, self-identity, and psychosocial adjustment. The authors conclude that the bidimensional model is a more valid and useful operationalization of acculturation.
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        Research on the Nature and Determinants of Marital Satisfaction: A Decade in Review

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          Cultural variation in affect valuation.

          The authors propose that how people want to feel ("ideal affect") differs from how they actually feel ("actual affect") and that cultural factors influence ideal more than actual affect. In 2 studies, controlling for actual affect, the authors found that European American (EA) and Asian American (AA) individuals value high-arousal positive affect (e.g., excitement) more than do Hong Kong Chinese (CH). On the other hand, CH and AA individuals value low-arousal positive affect (e.g., calm) more than do EA individuals. For all groups, the discrepancy between ideal and actual affect correlates with depression. These findings illustrate the distinctiveness of ideal and actual affect, show that culture influences ideal affect more than actual affect, and indicate that both play a role in mental health. Copyright 2006 APA, all rights reserved.
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            Author and article information

            Affiliations
            National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
            Psychiatric Hospital of Attica, Greece
            Author notes
            Correspondence to: A.-S. Antoniou, Department of Primary Education, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 33 Ippokratous, 106 80 Athens, Greece. E-mail: asantoni@ 123456hol.gr , as_antoniou@ 123456primedu.uoa.gr

            *Alexander-Stamatios Antoniou [BA (Psych.), BA (Philos.), M.Ed., M.Phil., Ph.D(Psych.), Ph.D(Philos.)., Ph.D(Manag.), C.Psychol] is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Athens, Greece and holds undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in psychology, philosophy, education and management from universities in Greece and in the UK. He also teaches on undergraduate and postgraduate programmes at the School of Medicine, the National School of Public Health and the Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences and on seminars addressed to personnel of public and private organisations. He has been involved in National and European research programmes and has served as a human resource consultant. His publications include research papers and chapters in refereed academic journals, books and edited volumes, and his work has been presented at many national and international conferences. His main research interests include occupational stress and professional burnout, leadership, work values, organisational politics, social psychology and special education.

            Marina V. Dalla has a doctorate in social psychology from the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Philosophy, Education, and Psychology at the University of Athens, having graduated with honours. She has published many papers in the form of journal articles or book chapters in Greek and English and has presented at a variety of scientific events, both in Greek and in English. Her current research interests focus on the acculturation and adaptation of immigrants, resilience and vulnerability of immigrant adolescents, social stigma and mental health of immigrants, immigration and drug abuse. Dr. Dalla is a member of the International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, of the Hellenic Psychological Society and the Greek Society for Social Psychology.

            Journal
            ijsp
            ijsp
            International Journal of Social Pedagogy
            IJSP
            UCL Press (UK )
            2051-5804
            1 January 2015
            : 4
            : 1
            : 204-218
            10.14324/111.444.ijsp.2015.v4.1.015
            Copyright © 2015 The Author(s). [Special issue title, Social Pedagogy in Times of Crisis in Greece]

            This work is licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-NC-SA) 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/, which permits re-use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided any modifications of this material in anyway is distributed under this same license, is not used for commercial purposes, and the original author and source are credited

            Counts
            Figures: 3, Tables: 5, References: 52, Pages: 16

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