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      Constitutional Statesmanship: Lord Durham and the Creation of a New Colonial Paradigm, 1839–1841

      , 1

      London Journal of Canadian Studies

      UCL Press

      Lord Durham, Canadian rebellions, responsible government, Act of Union

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          Abstract

          No one is fully prescient, Durham included. His Report did not anticipate the degree to which the French Canadians would be unwilling to submerge themselves into a British whole and the role which religion would play in maintaining the distinctive society. But nor did he anticipate the willingness and ability of the two communities to work together to achieve tangible results for the new country, while the underlying racial resentment remained largely intact. Despite eruptions, occasionally violent, fuelled by that resentment, the growth of the country which he envisioned has taken place and the outcome has been beyond what he could have imagined. The full assimilation which he anticipated has not occurred, although French Canada has gradually moved in the direction of urbanization and adoption of commerce at the expense of the traditional farming orientation. The diminution of the Church influence and the increasing adoption of English as the new lingua franca of the world may yet have an impact which cannot be fully estimated. The existence of Quebec within Canada has provided much greater ability and political leverage to maintain the French language than would ever have been possible were Quebec to have existed separately, completely surrounded by the predominantly English-speaking United States and English Canada.

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          Most cited references 15

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          Afterword: Lord Durham, French Canada, and Quebec

           Guy Laforest (1963)
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            Lord Durham: A Biography of John George Lambton, First Earl of Durham

             Chester W New (1929)
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              The Eighth Earl of Elgin, A Chapter in Nineteenth-Century Imperial History

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                ljcs
                ljcs
                London Journal of Canadian Studies
                UCL Press
                2397-0928
                0267-2200
                30 November 2020
                : 35
                : 1
                : 119-137
                Affiliations
                1Stikeman Elliott LLP, Barristers & Solicitors, Canada
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Email: rpound@ 123456stikeman.com
                Article
                10.14324/111.444.ljcs.2020v35.006
                Copyright © 2020, Richard W. Pound

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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                References: 20, Pages: 20
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                London Journal of Canadian Studies
                Volume 35, Issue 1

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                Most referenced authors 13