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      The missed encounter of turupukllay: Marxism, indigenous communities and Andean culture in Yawar Fiesta

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          Abstract

          This article takes as its point of departure a discussion of José María Arguedas’s engagement with Marxism, the ideas of José Carlos Mariátegui and the journal Amauta. It argues that Arguedas’s distance from official party politics should not be confused with an abandonment of politics as such. It also underscores Arguedas’s reflections on the relationship between lived experience, socialist theory and literary writing. This sets the stage for an exploration of a core problem in Arguedas’s oeuvre: the missed encounter between Marxist organisations and indigenous communities, which is to say, the failure to form an alliance between these groups based on mutual understanding and reciprocal enrichment. The article turns to Arguedas’s first major novel, Yawar Fiesta (1941), and traces its portrayal of such a missed encounter as it occurs around the celebration of turupukllay, an Andean translation of a Spanish bullfight that commemorates Peru’s independence from colonial rule. The wager of the article is that Yawar Fiesta’s capacity to illuminate key contributing factors of the missed encounter enables Arguedas to advance an immanent critique, a critique of a certain tendency of Marxism from within Marxism itself, and that, as a result, the novel supplements socialist theory by simultaneously exposing its limits and enhancing its claims.

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          Most cited references 56

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          INDIGENOUS COSMOPOLITICS IN THE ANDES: Conceptual Reflections beyond “Politics”

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            Ignacio Ellacuría and the Salvadorean Revolution

             JEFFREY GOULD (2015)
            This article focuses on the political thought and practice of the martyred Jesuit intellectual during the late 1970s. It employs the concept of desencuentros , probing the relationship between linguistic misunderstandings and political division. The article highlights Ignacio Ellacuría's novel analyses of the relationship between the ecclesial and the popular organisations, led by the radical Left. It discusses his political thought in relationship to the author's research on the base communities of northern Morazán. The article also discusses the Jesuit scholar's critical support for the Junta Revolucionario de Gobierno (15 October 1979–2 January 1980). The concluding section discusses Ellacuría's relevance for contemporary Latin American politics. Spanish abstract Este artículo se centra en el pensamiento y práctica política del intelectual jesuita martirizado durante los años 1970s. Emplea el concepto de desencuentros , para analizar la relación entre los malentendidos lingüísticos y la división política. El escrito pone énfasis en el novedoso análisis del intelectual en cuanto a la relación entre lo eclesial y las organizaciones populares, dirigidas por la izquierda radical. El material discute dicho pensamiento político en base a la investigación del autor con las comunidades de base del norte de Morazán. El artículo también discute el apoyo crítico del académico jesuita a la Junta Revolucionaria de Gobierno (15 de octubre de 1979 a 2 de enero de 1980). La sección final discute la relevancia de Ellacuría para la política contemporánea latinoamericana. Portuguese abstract Este artigo foca no pensamento e prática política do intelectual jesuíta martirizado no final da década de 1970. Emprega-se o conceito de desencuentros para analisar a relação entre mal-entendidos linguísticos e divisões políticas. O artigo destaca as análises inovadoras do jesuíta no tocante às relações entre as organizações populares e as eclesiais, lideradas pela esquerda radical. Discute-se seu pensamento político em relação à pesquisa desenvolvida por ele em comunidades de base do norte de Morazán. O artigo também debate o fundamental apoio do estudioso jesuíta à Junta Revolucionaria de Gobierno (entre 15 de outubro de 1979 e 2 de janeiro de 1980). Na seção de conclusão, a relevância de Ellacuría para a política latino-americana contemporânea é discutida.
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              ‘José María Arguedas’ Epics of Expropriation’

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                RA
                Radical Americas
                UCL Press
                2399-4606
                29 June 2020
                : 5
                : 1
                Affiliations
                Assistant Professor, Department of Romance Languages and Literatures, University of Michigan, 4002 Modern Languages Building, 812 East Washington Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA; garnall@ 123456umich.edu
                Article
                RA-5-2
                10.14324/111.444.ra.2020.v5.1.002
                © 2020, Gavin Arnall.

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited • DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.444.ra.2020.v5.1.002.

                Page count
                Pages: 14
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                Custom metadata
                Arnall, G. ‘The missed encounter of turupukllay: Marxism, indigenous communities and Andean culture in Yawar Fiesta’. Radical Americas 5, 1 (2020): 2. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/111.444.ra.2020.v5.1.002.

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