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      Exploring Emerging Learning Models in the Advent of the Fourth Industrial Revolution

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            The purpose of this paper is to explore emerging Fourth Industrial Revolution themes that have the potential to dramatically alter learning models for the better. The interpretation of learning models includes the relationship between learning theories, learning styles, and the various modes of learning and teaching. Technologies such as artificial intelligence and blockchain empower us to understand our prior ignorance regarding the environment of learning and teaching. A series of documents and reports on the Fourth Industrial Revolution and learning models were analysed in conjunction with the review of recent literature to identify emerging themes that could fundamentally change the way teaching and learning are implemented. Mass personalisation, embedded learning experience, and education as an extension of self are all themes emerging from the possibilities of the Fourth Industrial Revolution and the application of its technologies. Although these themes are at a nascent stage of development, their potential should be understood and nurtured because they can be the source of effective and sustainable developments in the education sector. It is clear from this paper that the impact of the Fourth Industrial Revolution is well beyond the tools and technologies to make what already exists better, and that it rather has an impact on the structure and nature of education itself. The emergence of these themes makes it possible to dramatically change the way we learn and teach. We must be collectively conscious and identify the key aspects of the Fourth Industrial Revolution whose momentum we should use to redress socio-economic challenges in the education environment.


            Author and article information

            UNISA Press
            30 April 2021
            [1 ] College of Education, UNISA, Preller Street, Pretoria, Gauteng, South Africa
            Author notes

            This work has been published open access under Creative Commons Attribution License CC BY 4.0 , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Conditions, terms of use and publishing policy can be found at www.scienceopen.com .

            : 30 April 2021
            : 9 July 2021

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
            Education,Computer science
            Fourth Industrial Revolution,artificial intelligence,learning models,learning styles


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