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      Threats To The Lepidoptera and Self-Defence Against It

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      research-article
      Journal of Ecological Society
      Ecological Society
      Lepidoptera, Parasitoids, Parasites, Predators, Camaflouge, Unpalpatibility, Mimicry
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            Abstract

            Butterflies, classified under the order Lepidoptera, are beautiful and elusive creatures that play an important role in the food chain. They are preyed upon by various organisms, including parasitoids, parasites, and predators. Parasitoids are small organisms that lay their eggs inside butterfly eggs or larvae, eventually killing the host. Parasites live off the host without necessarily killing it, such as mites, viruses, and bacteria. Predators, including insects, reptiles, mammals, and birds, consume butterflies at various stages of their life cycle. These predators use different hunting strategies, such as aerial hunting, sit-and-wait tactics, and web-building. Butterflies have defense mechanisms, including camouflage, mimicry, and unpalatability, to protect themselves from predators. Mimicry involves imitating the appearance and behavior of other species, while unpalatability refers to the possession of toxins that deter predators.

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            Author and article information

            Journal
            Journal of Ecological Society
            Ecological Society
            2278-0823
            1 April 2002
            : 15
            : 1
            : 12-14
            Article
            10.54081/JES.014/04
            3453e85f-573a-41bf-b6ce-d2e25cd5cf76
            The Author

            Published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International ( CC BY 4.0). Users are allowed to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially), as long as the authors and the publisher are explicitly identified and properly acknowledged as the original source.

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            Categories

            The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
            Ecology
            Lepidoptera,Parasitoids,Parasites,Predators,Camaflouge,Unpalpatibility,Mimicry

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