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      Silent Conflicts – Human-wildlife interactions in urban spaces

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          This is a conceptual paper which analyses incidents of human-wildlife conflicts occurring in urban

          spaces. To assist in the choice of mitigation measures, the author proposes a categorization for the urban

          conflicts. The discussions and categorization are based on study of research papers, media reports,

          discussions with citizen and wildlife experts and the author’s own observations during the last 20 years of

          living in Pune city.The author proposes two categories of human-wildlife conflict. The first are ‘violent conflicts’ which are

          intended to prevent or remedy an animal intrusion. Such conflicts occur with animals such as leopards,

          snakes and monkeys which intrude into urban spaces. Violent conflicts are reported by media and studied

          by the research communities. The other category proposed is ‘silent conflicts’. These are conflicts arising

          inadvertently out of human actions, and with no intention to harm animals. Such conflicts go unnoticed

          and often happen due to ignorance of the possible aftermath.The author proposes different mitigation approaches to each of the categories, including the skills

          required in their implementation.

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          Author and article information

          Journal of Ecological Society
          1 April 2017
          : 29
          : 1
          : 34-43
          The Authors

          Published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International ( CC BY 4.0). Users are allowed to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially), as long as the authors and the publisher are explicitly identified and properly acknowledged as the original source.


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