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      The Man-Made Environment of Valaam Island Translated title: Arcadia: Explorations in Environmental History 2014, no. 5: The Man-Made Environment of Valaam Island

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          Abstract

          Valaam Island on Lake Ladoga is the site of the Orthodox Valaam Monastery. Since the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, monks have introduced trees and plants not endemic to such northerly latitudes, such as maple, linden, and oak trees, and pear, apple, and cherry orchards, as well as watermelon fields. In 1810, the monks laid out the first major garden to cultivate herbs such as rose hips, valerian, juniper, and mint. Due to the creation of alleys and gardens carefully cultivated by the monks, many of the new plants acclimatized successfully. As a result, Valaam's largely man-made environment is today considered to be one of the most dense and diverse biospheres in Europe.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society, Munich, Germany
          2013
          00 November 2013
          Article
          10.5282/rcc/5409
          1270e562-48f7-4991-abbc-5378eab95afa

          CC BY NC SA 3.0 2013 Grigory Suzi

          This refers only to the text and does not include any image rights. Please click on an image to view its individual rights status.

          History

          Literary studies,Philosophy of science,Environmental change,Environmental studies,Contemporary history,Cultural studies
          agriculture,Landscape Transformation,Biodiversity,gardens,plants,trees,religion,botany

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