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      The beta3 subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase mediates variable nociceptive sensitivity in the formalin test.

      Brain

      Species Specificity, metabolism, genetics, chemistry, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase, enzymology, Sensory Receptor Cells, RNA, Small Interfering, Protein Subunits, physiology, Pain Threshold, Pain Measurement, physiopathology, Pain, Nociceptors, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Male, Genetic Variation, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Ganglia, Spinal, Female, Down-Regulation, Animals

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          Abstract

          It is widely appreciated that there is significant inter-individual variability in pain sensitivity, yet only a handful of contributing genetic variants have been identified. Computational genetic mapping and quantitative trait locus analysis suggested that variation within the gene coding for the beta3 subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase pump (Atp1b3) contributes to inter-strain differences in the early phase formalin pain behavior. Significant strain differences in Atp1b3 gene expression, beta3 protein expression, and biophysical properties of the Na+,K+ pump in dorsal root ganglia neurons from resistant (A/J) and sensitive (C57BL/6J) mouse strains supported the genetic prediction. Furthermore, in vivo siRNA knockdown of the beta3 subunit produced strain-specific changes in the early phase pain response, completely rescuing the strain difference. These findings indicate that the beta3 subunit of the Na+,K+-ATPase is a novel determinant of nociceptive sensitivity and further supports the notion that pain variability genes can have very selective effects on individual pain modalities.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          19464798
          10.1016/j.pain.2009.04.028
          2744953

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