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      A QTL controlling low temperature induced spikelet sterility at booting stage in rice

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          An integrated physical and genetic map of the rice genome.

          Rice was chosen as a model organism for genome sequencing because of its economic importance, small genome size, and syntenic relationship with other cereal species. We have constructed a bacterial artificial chromosome fingerprint-based physical map of the rice genome to facilitate the whole-genome sequencing of rice. Most of the rice genome ( approximately 90.6%) was anchored genetically by overgo hybridization, DNA gel blot hybridization, and in silico anchoring. Genome sequencing data also were integrated into the rice physical map. Comparison of the genetic and physical maps reveals that recombination is suppressed severely in centromeric regions as well as on the short arms of chromosomes 4 and 10. This integrated high-resolution physical map of the rice genome will greatly facilitate whole-genome sequencing by helping to identify a minimum tiling path of clones to sequence. Furthermore, the physical map will aid map-based cloning of agronomically important genes and will provide an important tool for the comparative analysis of grass genomes.
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            Gene Nomenclature System for Rice

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              QTLs conferring cold tolerance at the booting stage of rice using recombinant inbred lines from a japonica x indica cross.

              Low temperature stress is common for rice grown in temperate regions and at high elevations in the tropics. The most senstive stage to this stress is booting, about 11 days before heading. Japonica cultivars are known to be more tolerant than indicas. We constructed a genetic map using 191 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between a temperate japonica, M-202, and a tropical indica, IR50, in order to locate quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring cold tolerance. The map with a total length of 1,276.8 cM and an average density of one marker every 7.1 cM was developed from 181 loci produced by 175 microsatellite markers. Cold tolerance was measured as the degree of spikelet sterility of treated plants at a 12 degrees C temperature for 5 days in the growth chamber. QTLs on chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9 and 12 were identified to confer cold tolerance at the booting stage. The QTL contribution to the phenotypic variation ranged from 11 to 17%. The two QTLs with the highest contribution to variation, designated qCTB2a and qCTB3, were derived from the tolerant parent, M-202, each explaining approximately 17% of the phenotypic variance. Two of the eight QTLs for cold tolerance were contributed by IR50.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Euphytica
                Euphytica
                Springer Science and Business Media LLC
                0014-2336
                1573-5060
                December 2010
                July 28 2010
                December 2010
                : 176
                : 3
                : 291-301
                Article
                10.1007/s10681-010-0226-8
                00c37547-56af-46ef-a73e-a0c92e063713
                © 2010

                http://www.springer.com/tdm


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