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      Work ability and associated factors of Brazilian technical-administrative workers in education

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          Abstract

          Background

          Studies about work ability have grown in importance owing to the worldwide aging of active populations. Research has shown that measuring work ability has a predictive value in cases of long-term sickness absence and early retirement. Our goal was to analyze the work ability and associated factors of civil servants from a higher education institution in Brazil. The participants in this cross-sectional study were 600 technical-administrative workers at a public university. Work ability was measured using the work ability index.

          Results

          The participants were as follows: 51.8 % male; mean age of 45 years (SD = ±11); married or in a stable union (61.5 %); holding a graduate degree (56.7 %); having only one job (83.3 %), working 40 h a week or less (78.6 %); not working evenings (79.8 %); and having direct contact with the public (58.3 %). The prevalence of reduced work ability was 13.9 %. The following factors were found to be associated with reduced work ability: age 50 years old or above (PR = 2.58; 95 % CI 1.25–5.09); female (PR = 2.77; 95 % CI 1.25–3.60); education up to secondary school (PR = 2.37; 95 % CI 1.13–3.59); overall poor self-assessed health (PR = 2.96; 95 % CI 1.32–3.93); signs and symptoms of depression (PR = 4.86; 95 % CI 2.23–6.55); sedentariness (PR = 3.00; 95 % CI 1.38–4.68) and poor social support at work (PR = 4.01; 95 % CI 1.66–4.37).

          Conclusions

          Most of the participants showed good work ability, but some subjects had reduced work ability. This study makes a contribution to expanding the discussion about the factors associated with work ability toward proposing actions for maintaining that ability or helping recovery in the case of diminished ability. Such actions can help reduce work absenteeism and early retirement, both of which have a social and economic impact in Brazil. Studying the determinants of work ability and recommendations to address those determinants will help efforts to improve the quality of life of individuals, both at work and personally, and promote healthy aging.

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          Most cited references36

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          The effects of work-related and individual factors on the Work Ability Index: a systematic review.

          This paper systematically reviews the scientific literature on the effects of individual and work-related factors on the Work Ability Index (WAI). Studies on work ability published from 1985 to 2006 were identified through a structured search in PubMed, and Web of Science. Studies were included if the WAI was used as measure of work ability and if quantitative information was presented on determinants of work ability. In total, 20 studies were included with 14 cross-sectional studies and six longitudinal studies. Factors associated with poor work ability, as defined by WAI, were lack of leisure-time vigorous physical activity, poor musculoskeletal capacity, older age, obesity, high mental work demands, lack of autonomy, poor physical work environment, and high physical work load. The WAI is associated with individual characteristics, lifestyle, demands at work, and physical condition. This multifactorial nature of work ability should be taken into account in health promotion programmes aimed at maintaining and promoting the participation of the labour force and improvement of the performance at work.
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            The world health report 2001 - Mental health: new understanding, new hope

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              Validade de constructo de escala de apoio social do Medical Outcomes Study adaptada para o português no Estudo Pró-Saúde

              Este artigo verifica a validade de constructo da escala de apoio social utilizada em um estudo de coorte de trabalhadores de uma universidade no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (Estudo Pró-Saúde). Os dados foram obtidos na primeira etapa do estudo, realizada em 1999, na qual 4.030 funcionários técnico-administrativos completaram, no ambiente de trabalho, um questionário multidimensional e autopreenchível. Associações entre as dimensões de apoio social e características sócio-demográficas, relacionadas à saúde e ao bem-estar, foram avaliadas. Por meio da análise fatorial, foi possível discriminar três dimensões de apoio: interação social positiva/apoio afetivo; apoio emocional/de informação; e apoio material. Foram confirmadas as hipóteses de que indivíduos menos solitários, com melhor estado de saúde auto-referido, com relato de participação mais freqüente em atividades sociais em grupo e sem suspeição para transtornos mentais comuns teriam maior percepção de apoio social. Conclui-se que há evidências de que o instrumento apresenta validade de constructo, indicando-se sua utilização em análises futuras, no âmbito do Estudo Pró-Saúde e em populações similares.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                marlucerodriguesenf@gmail.com
                romagreco@gmail.com
                teitabt@hotmail.com
                lilianeteixeira@ensp.fiocruz.br
                maximiliano.guerra@ufjf.edu.br
                alfredo.chaoubah@ice.ufjf.br
                Journal
                BMC Res Notes
                BMC Res Notes
                BMC Research Notes
                BioMed Central (London )
                1756-0500
                2 January 2016
                2 January 2016
                2016
                : 9
                : 1
                Affiliations
                [ ]Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
                [ ]Basic Nursing Department, School of Nursing, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil
                [ ]Department of Collective Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil
                [ ]Center for Workers Health and Human Ecology Studies, Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
                [ ]Statistics Department, Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Juiz de Fora, Brazil
                Article
                1837
                10.1186/s13104-015-1837-x
                4698321
                26725043
                00e91830-82f1-4024-bcce-8abeb4a9f1c1
                © Godinho et al. 2016

                Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

                History
                : 15 November 2014
                : 22 December 2015
                Categories
                Research Article
                Custom metadata
                © The Author(s) 2016

                Medicine
                workers health,assessing work ability,population ageing,labor conditions
                Medicine
                workers health, assessing work ability, population ageing, labor conditions

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