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      Phenology of Promestosoma boggianii (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae) in a Neotropical floodplain

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          ABSTRACT Studies that address biodiversity and its supporting mechanisms in different ecosystems are fundamental to understanding the relationships between species and the prevailing environmental conditions within each habitat type. This study presents information on the phenology of Promestosoma boggianii (Silvestri, 1898) and its association with seasonal flood and dry events in a floodplain of Mato Grosso’s northern Pantanal region, Brazil. Sampling was carried out in three areas located between the Bento Gomes and Cuiabá rivers, on the Porto Cercado Road, Poconé-MT. Each sample area was composed of two treatments: (I) floodable habitats and (NI) non-floodable habitats. Three quadrats (10 x 10 m) were established within each treatment, with sampling carried out using pitfall traps and mini-Winkler extractors during the dry season, rising water, high water and receding water phases for the duration of two hydrological cycles within the Pantanal (2010/2011 and 2011/2012). A total of 295 P. boggianii individuals were sampled at different stages of development (except stages I and II), distributed between the rising water (209 ind., 70.8%), dry (76 ind., 25.8%) and receding water (10 ind., 3.4%) seasons. No specimens were sampled during the high water season. The higher abundances recorded between the dry and rising water seasons, primarily at early stages of development, indicate that P. boggianii is characterized as a univoltine species in these habitats. The data demonstrate that individuals of P. boggianii were more abundant in floodable habitats. In addition, the results show that the life cycle of this diplopod is sinchronized to the seasonal nature of this floodable environment, as a strategy to survive the extreme conditions of terrestrial and aquatic phases Brazil’s northern Pantanal region.

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          Most cited references 63

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          Biodiversity and its conservation in the Pantanal of Mato Grosso, Brazil

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            Terrestrial invertebrates inhabiting lowland river floodplains of Central Amazonia and Central Europe: a review

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              Anamorphosis in millipedes (Diplopoda)-the present state of knowledge with some developmental and phylogenetic considerations


                Author and article information

                Zoologia (Curitiba)
                Zoologia (Curitiba)
                Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia (Curitiba, PR, Brazil )
                : 35
                Sinop orgnameUniversidade Federal de Mato Grosso orgdiv1Instituto de Ciências Naturais, Humanas e Sociais orgdiv2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Ambientais Brazil
                Cuiabá Mato Grosso orgnameUniversidade Federal de Mato Grosso orgdiv1Instituto de Biociências orgdiv2Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia Brazil
                Picos Piauí orgnameUniversidade Federal do Piauí orgdiv1Campus Senador Helvídio Nunes de Barros Brazil
                S1984-46702018000100321 S1984-4670(18)03500000321

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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                Biodiversity, conservation, wetlands, Myriapoda


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