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      Duality, Opposition and Typology in the Qur'an: The Apocalyptic Substrate

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      Journal of Qur'anic Studies
      Edinburgh University Press

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          Abstract

          This article highlights two features of Qur'anic style and content: duality/opposition and typological figuration, which can be seen as providing a continuous and consistent ‘narrative stream’ through the Qur'an. It is of some interest that both of these features have been singled out as distinctive of apocalypse as a genre in the study of numerous religious and cultural traditions. As debate on whether or not the Qur'an is a bona fide example of apocalyptic literature quietly continues, the interplay of conceptual and substantive oppositions and dualities is discussed in order to highlight the importance of this prominent feature to both the form and contents of the Book. It is suggested that its function is profoundly related to the typological figuration indispensable to the Qur'anic depiction of, for example, the character of the prophets and therefore prophethood. Whether or not this represents a genuine instance of apocalyptic literature, it nonetheless remains that the prominence of the motif renders the Qur'an susceptible of a reading expressive of something called an apocalyptic imagination. It is hoped that this article succeeds in demonstrating that in fact these apparently familiar subjects are stimulated to new life by considering them as defining, interlocking, structural elements of a distinctive Islamic apocalypse.

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          Orientalism in Oriental Studies? Qur'anic Studies as a Case in Point

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            Negotiating Justice: A Pre-Canonical Reading of the Qur'anic Creation Accounts 1 (Part I)

            With the evaluation of the polythematic sūra , i.e. with the transition of the Qur'an from an oral to a written and thus Scripture-orientated text, a complex structure for the primordial drama emerges. The divine election of man as God's closest creature and the forecast of an elected community is framed in the story of a bargain contracted between God and Iblīs in pre-existence which entails for Iblīs the freedom to test man – with the exception of God's elect. This story is retold with ever-changing focus in six sūras ; only the later ones are complemented by the account of the transgression itself, i.e. the first enactment of the test staged by Satan and involving the first couple, Adam and his companion. The paper will show how, in the wake of the abolition of the old mythical structures, gradually new – Islamic – images laden with symbolic meanings emerge, leading finally to the concept of a divine agency on earth, the khilāfa .
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              Author and article information

              Journal
              Journal of Qur'anic Studies
              J Qur'anic Studies
              Edinburgh University Press
              1465-3591
              1755-1730
              October 2008
              October 2008
              : 10
              : 2
              : 23-49
              Affiliations
              [1 ]University of Toronto
              Article
              10.3366/E1465359109000400
              01607c8e-a0a5-42b3-a3bb-362c9af54046
              © 2008

              https://www.euppublishing.com/customer-services/librarians/text-and-data-mining-tdm

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