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      Processing of Complement Coercion With Aspectual Verbs in Mandarin Chinese: Evidence From a Self-Paced Reading Study

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          Abstract

          This study examines whether Chinese complement coercion sentences with aspectual verbs will elicit processing difficulty during real-time comprehension. Complement coercion is a linguistic phenomenon in which certain verbs (e.g., start, enjoy), requiring an event-denoting complement, are combined with an entity-denoting complement (e.g., book), as in The author started a book. Previous studies have reported that the entity-denoting complement elicited processing difficulty following verbs that require event argument compared with verbs that do not (e.g., The author wrote a book). While the processing of complement coercion has been extensively studied in Indo-European languages such as English and German, it is relatively under-researched in Sino-Tibetan languages such as Mandarin Chinese. Given the fact that there are many linguistic elements behaving distinctly in the different language families, for instance, verbs with respect to their semantic properties and syntactic representations of the complement, it is meaningful to investigate whether or not the existing linguistic differences have any effect on the processing of complement coercion in Mandarin. With this research goal, we recorded self-paced reading time of 61 native Mandarin speakers to investigate the processing of the entity-denoting complement in sentences with three different verb types ( aspectual verbs which require an event-denoting complement, preferred verbs which denote a preferred interpretation of the aspectual expressions, and non-preferred verbs which denote a non-preferred but plausible interpretation of the aspectual expressions), as exemplified in 顾客开始/填写/查看这份问卷 gù-kè kāi-shǐ/tián-xiě/chá-kàn zhè-fèn wèn-juàn “The customer started/filled in/checked the questionnaire.” It was found that the entity noun complement (e.g., 这份问卷 zhè-fèn wèn-juàn “the questionnaire”) elicited significantly longer reading times in coercion sentences than non-coercion counterparts. The results are compatible with the previous findings in English that complement coercion sentences impose processing cost during real-time comprehension. The study contributes empirical evidence to coercion studies cross-linguistically.

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                1664-1078
                31 May 2021
                2021
                : 12
                : 643571
                Affiliations
                [1] 1Department of Linguistics and Translation, City University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong, China
                [2] 2Department of Chinese and Bilingual Studies, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University , Hong Kong, China
                Author notes

                Edited by: Matthew W. Crocker, Saarland University, Germany

                Reviewed by: Likan Zhan, Beijing Language and Culture University, China; Zhenguang Cai, University College London, United Kingdom

                *Correspondence: Wenting Xue xuewentingxwt@ 123456outlook.com

                This article was submitted to Language Sciences, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Article
                10.3389/fpsyg.2021.643571
                8201986
                02f7cc42-b572-451e-869a-ec40f5671e31
                Copyright © 2021 Xue, Liu and Politzer-Ahles.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                History
                : 18 December 2020
                : 03 May 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 6, Equations: 0, References: 50, Pages: 12, Words: 10395
                Categories
                Psychology
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                complement coercion,type mismatch,semantic enrichment,self-paced reading,mandarin chinese,aspectual verbs

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