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      Mechanical point loading induces cortex stiffening and actin reorganization

      , , , ,

      Biophysical Journal

      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          Global cytoskeleton reorganization is well-recognized when cells are exposed to distinct mechanical stimuli, but the localized responses at a specified region of a cell are still unclear. In this work, we mapped the cell-surface mechanical property of single cells in situ before and after static point loading these cells using atomic force microscopy in PeakForce-Quantitative Nano Mechanics mode. Cell-surface stiffness was elevated at a maximum of 1.35-fold at the vicinity of loading site, indicating an enhanced structural protection of the cortex to the cell. Mechanical modeling also elucidated the structural protection from the stiffened cell cortex, in which 9–15% and 10–19% decrease of maximum stress and strain of the nucleus were obtained. Furthermore, the flat-ended atomic force microscopy probes were used to capture cytoskeleton reorganization after point loading quantitatively, revealing that the larger the applied force and the longer the loading time are, the more pronounced cytoskeleton reorganization is. Also, point loading using a microneedle combined with real-time confocal microscopy uncovered the fast dynamics of actin cytoskeleton reorganization for actin-stained live cells after point loading (<10 s). These results furthered the understandings in the transmission of localized mechanical forces into an adherent cell.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Biophysical Journal
          Biophysical Journal
          Elsevier BV
          00063495
          September 2019
          September 2019
          Article
          10.1016/j.bpj.2019.09.012
          6817638
          31585706
          036b5315-1968-40ce-899a-9d39328ec6fd
          © 2019

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