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      PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation

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          <p class="first" id="d884742e443">Scoping reviews, a type of knowledge synthesis, follow a systematic approach to map evidence on a topic and identify main concepts, theories, sources, and knowledge gaps. Although more scoping reviews are being done, their methodological and reporting quality need improvement. This document presents the PRISMA-ScR (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) checklist and explanation. The checklist was developed by a 24-member expert panel and 2 research leads following published guidance from the EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network. The final checklist contains 20 essential reporting items and 2 optional items. The authors provide a rationale and an example of good reporting for each item. The intent of the PRISMA-ScR is to help readers (including researchers, publishers, commissioners, policymakers, health care providers, guideline developers, and patients or consumers) develop a greater understanding of relevant terminology, core concepts, and key items to report for scoping reviews. </p>

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          Annals of Internal Medicine
          Ann Intern Med
          American College of Physicians
          September 04 2018
          [1 ]St. Michael's Hospital and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (A.C.T., S.E.S.)
          [2 ]St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (E.L., W.Z.)
          [3 ]University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (K.K.O., H.C.)
          [4 ]Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts (D.L.)
          [5 ]Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (D.M., C.G.)
          [6 ]University of South Australia and University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (M.D.P.)
          [7 ]Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (T.H.)
          [8 ]Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (L.W., T.C.)
          [9 ]RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California (S.H.)
          [10 ]American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon (E.A.A.)
          [11 ]Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, Maryland (C.C.)
          [12 ]University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (J.M.)
          [13 ]University of York, York, United Kingdom (L.S.)
          [14 ]University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada (L.H.)
          [15 ]BMJ Open, London, United Kingdom (A.A.)
          [16 ]McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada (M.G.W.)
          [17 ]Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway, and South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa (S.L.)
          [18 ]Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada (C.M.G.)
          [19 ]Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (M.T.M.)
          [20 ]World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland (E.V.L., Ö.T.)
          [21 ]Cochrane, London, United Kingdom (K.S.)
          [22 ]King's College London, London, United Kingdom (J.M.)
          © 2018


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