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      The Global Burden of Headache: A Documentation of Headache Prevalence and Disability Worldwide

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          Abstract

          This study, which is a part of the initiative 'Lifting The Burden: The Global Campaign to Reduce the Burden of Headache Worldwide', assesses and presents all existing evidence of the world prevalence and burden of headache disorders. Population-based studies applying International Headache Society criteria for migraine and tension-type headache, and also studies on headache in general and 'chronic daily headache', have been included. Globally, the percentages of the adult population with an active headache disorder are 46% for headache in general, 11% for migraine, 42% for tension-type headache and 3% for chronic daily headache. Our calculations indicate that the disability attributable to tension-type headache is larger worldwide than that due to migraine. On the World Health Organization's ranking of causes of disability, this would bring headache disorders into the 10 most disabling conditions for the two genders, and into the five most disabling for women.

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          Most cited references109

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          Prevalence and Burden of Migraine in the United States: Data From the American Migraine Study II

          To describe the prevalence, sociodemographic profile, and the burden of migraine in the United States in 1999 and to compare results with the original American Migraine Study, a 1989 population-based study employing identical methods.
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            Flunarizine in Prophylaxis of Childhood Migraine: A Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study

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              Lifting the burden: The global campaign against headache.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Cephalalgia
                Cephalalgia
                Wiley
                0333-1024
                1468-2982
                March 2007
                June 26 2016
                March 2007
                : 27
                : 3
                : 193-210
                Affiliations
                [1 ]Norwegian National Headache Centre, Department of Neuroscience, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and Trondheim University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
                [2 ]Danish Headache Centre, Glostrup University Hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark
                [3 ]Department of Neurology, University Hospital Essen, Germany
                [4 ]Department of Neurology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, USA
                [5 ]Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Uniformed Services University, Maryland USA
                [6 ]Division of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College, London, UK
                Article
                10.1111/j.1468-2982.2007.01288.x
                17381554
                13bfb7c8-0c1c-488d-9067-60b933fe0dab
                © 2007

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