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      Too many swipes for today: The development of the Problematic Tinder Use Scale (PTUS)

      , 1 , 2 , * , 1 , 1 , 1

      Journal of Behavioral Addictions

      Akadémiai Kiadó

      Tinder, problematic use, CFA, geolocated, online dating, Griffiths model

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          Background and aims

          Tinder is a very popular smartphone-based geolocated dating application. The goal of the present study was creating a short Problematic Tinder Use Scale (PTUS).


          Griffiths’ ( 2005) six-component model was implemented for covering all components of problematic Tinder use. Confirmatory factor analyses were carried out on a Tinder user sample ( N = 430).


          Both the 12- and the 6-item versions were tested. The 6-item unidimensional structure has appropriate reliability and factor structure. No salient demography-related differences were found. Users irrespectively to their relationship status have similar scores on PTUS.


          Tinder users deserve the attention of scientific examination considering their large proportion among smartphone users. It is especially true considering the emerging trend of geolocated online dating applications.


          Before PTUS, no prior scale has been created to measure problematic Tinder use. The PTUS is a suitable and reliable measure to assess problematic Tinder use.

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          Most cited references 23

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          Development of a Facebook Addiction Scale.

          The Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale (BFAS), initially a pool of 18 items, three reflecting each of the six core elements of addiction (salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict, and relapse), was constructed and administered to 423 students together with several other standardized self-report scales (Addictive Tendencies Scale, Online Sociability Scale, Facebook Attitude Scale, NEO-FFI, BIS/BAS scales, and Sleep questions). That item within each of the six addiction elements with the highest corrected item-total correlation was retained in the final scale. The factor structure of the scale was good (RMSEA = .046, CFI = .99) and coefficient alpha was .83. The 3-week test-retest reliability coefficient was .82. The scores converged with scores for other scales of Facebook activity. Also, they were positively related to Neuroticism and Extraversion, and negatively related to Conscientiousness. High scores on the new scale were associated with delayed bedtimes and rising times.
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            Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research

            Background Behavioral addiction research has been particularly flourishing over the last two decades. However, recent publications have suggested that nearly all daily life activities might lead to a genuine addiction. Methods and aim In this article, we discuss how the use of atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches may result in the identification of an unlimited list of “new” behavioral addictions. Results Both methodological and theoretical shortcomings of these studies were discussed. Conclusions We suggested that studies overpathologizing daily life activities are likely to prompt a dismissive appraisal of behavioral addiction research. Consequently, we proposed several roadmaps for future research in the field, centrally highlighting the need for longer tenable behavioral addiction research that shifts from a mere criteria-based approach toward an approach focusing on the psychological processes involved.
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              A “components” model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework.


                Author and article information

                Journal of Behavioral Addictions
                J Behav Addict
                Akadémiai Kiadó (Budapest )
                14 July 2016
                September 2016
                : 5
                : 3
                : 518-523
                [ 1 ]Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University , Budapest, Hungary
                [ 2 ] Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology , MTA Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Budapest, Hungary
                Author notes
                [* ]Corresponding author: Dr. Gábor Orosz; Institute of Psychology, Eötvös Loránd University, Izabella utca 46, H-1064 Budapest, Hungary; Phone: +36-70-237-9471; E-mail: orosz.gabor@
                © 2016 The Author(s)

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium for non-commercial purposes, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Page count
                Figures: 1, Tables: 1, Equations: 0, References: 32, Pages: 26
                Funding sources: The first author was supported by the Hungarian Research Fund (NKFI PD 106027, 116686).
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