0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      The Psychology of Adjustment in the United States from the Late 19 th Century to World War II

      ,

      European Yearbook of the History of Psychology

      Brepols Publishers

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          This article examines aspects of the psychology of adjustment from the late 19 th century to the end of the 1930s. Adjustment psychology influenced many aspects of American culture during this era. This historical account begins with American psychologists seeking to make psychology a natural science based on Darwinian theory. As applied science, adjustment psychology is exemplified here by its influence on psychiatry and mental hygiene. Adjustment psychology promised a science-based solution for the suffering attributed to chaos resulting from a rapidly changing society that was characterized by such unsettling factors as immigration, unpredictable economic factors, and rapid changes in technology. To represent this context, the history of adjustment psychology is discussed in terms of social engineering.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 9

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          The reflex arc concept in psychology.

           John F. Dewey (1896)
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: not found
            • Article: not found

            The Professional Ideology of Social Pathologists

             C. Mills (1943)
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: found
              • Article: not found

              A history of the early days of personality testing in American industry: an obsession with adjustment.

              Objective personality testing began with Woodworth's Personal Data Sheet in 1917. That test was developed to identify soldiers prone to nervous breakdowns during enemy bombardment in World War I (WWI). Soon after, many competing personality tests were developed for use in industry. Many of these tests, like Woodworth's, focused on the construct of employee maladjustment and were deemed important in screening out applicants who would create workplace disturbances. In this article, the authors review the history of these early personality tests, especially the Bernreuter Personality Inventory and the Humm-Wadsworth Temperament Scale, and discuss the implications of personality testers' obsession with the construct of employee maladjustment. In addition, the authors discuss the industry's obsession with emotional maladjustment and how this obsession coincided with a cultural shift in norms relating to cultural expression.
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                EYHP
                eyhp
                European Yearbook of the History of Psychology
                Brepols Publishers
                2295-5267
                2507-0304
                January 2017
                : 3
                : 11-38
                Article
                10.1484/J.EYHP.5.114469
                Product
                Self URI (journal page): https://www.brepolsonline.net/loi/eyhp

                Psychology, Anthropology, Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry

                Comments

                Comment on this article